NITROGEN TRICHLORIDE

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 10025-85-1
Formula

Cl₃N

Synonyms
 

agene; chlorine nitride; trichloramine; trichlorine nitride

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Yellow oily liquid with pungent odor.
Boiling point 160°F Molecular weight 120.36
Freezing point/melting point -40°F Vapor pressure 19.95 kPa
Flash point Vapor density
Specific gravity Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating NFPA fire rating
NFPA reactivity rating NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.)
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*
Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments
Method reference
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

 

REL-TWA
 

 

TLV-TWA
 

 

PEL-TWA
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

NA

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

Not established

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Not listed

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Not listed

Literature References

 
  • Barbee, S.J., Thackara, J.W. and Rinehart, W.E.: Acute inhalation toxicology of nitrogen trichloride. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 44(2): 145-146, 1983.
  • Bernard, A., Carbonnelle, S., Michel, O., Higuet, S., De Burbure, C., Buchet, J.P., Hermans, C., Dumont, X. and Doyle, I.: Lung hyperpermeability and asthma prevalence in schoolchildren: unexpected associations with the attendance at indoor chlorinated swimming pools. Occup. Environ. Med. 60(6): 385-394, 2003.
  • Carbonnelle, S., Francaux, M., Doyle, I., Dumont, X., de Burbure, C., Morel, G., Michel, O. and Bernard, A.: Changes in serum pneumoproteins caused by short-term-exposure to nitrogen trichloride in indoor chlorinated swimming pools. Biomarkers 7(6): 464-478, 2002.
  • Dokter, T.: Formation of NCl3 and N2O in the reaction of NaOCl and nitrogen compounds. J. Hazard. Mater. 12: 207-224, 1985.
  • Gagnaire, F., Azim, S., Bonnet, P., Hecht, G. and Hery, M.: Comparison of the sensory irritation response in mice to chlorine and nitrogen trichloride. J. Appl. Toxicol. 14(6): 405-409, 1994.
  • Hery, M., Gerber, J.M., Hecht, G., Subra, I., Possoz, C., Aubert, S., Dieudonne, M. and Andre, J.C.: Exposure to chloramines in a green salad processing plant. Ann. Occup. Hyg. 42: 437-451, 1998.
  • Hery, M., Hecht, G., Gerber, J.M., Hubert, G., Subra, I., Aubert, S., Gerardin, F. and Dorotte, M.: Occupational exposure during cleaning and disinfection in the food industry. Occup. Hyg. 5(2): 131-144, 1999.
  • Hery, M., Hecht, G., Gerber, J.M., Gendre, J.C., Hubert G. and Rebuffaud, J.: Exposure to chloramines in the atmosphere of indoor swimming pools. Ann. Occup. Hyg. 39: 427-439, 1995.
  • King, B.S., Page, E.H., Mueller, C.A., Dollberg, D.D., Gomez, K.E. and Warren, A.M.: Eye and respiratory symptoms in poultry processing workers exposed to chlorine by-products. Am. J. Ind. Med. 49(2): 119-126, 2006.
  • Massin, N., Bohadana, A.B., Wild, P., Mery, M., Toamain, J.P. and Hubert, G.:Respiratory symptoms and bronchial responsiveness in lifeguards exposed to nitrogen trichloride in indoor swimming pools. Occup. Environ. Med. 55: 258-263, 1998.
  • Massin, N., et al.: Respiratory symptoms and bronchial responsiveness among cleaning and disinfecting workers in the food industry. Occup. Environ. Med. 64(2): 75-81, 2007.
  • Nemery, B., Hoet, P.H.M. and Nowak, D.: Indoor swimming pools, water chlorination and respiratory health (editorial). Eur. Respir. J. 19(5): 790-793, 2002.
  • Penny, P.T.: Swimming pool wheezing. Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.) 287(6390): 461-462, 1983.
  • Sanderson, W.T., Weber, A. and Echt, A.: Case reports: epidemic eye and upper respiratory irritation in poultry processing plants. Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 10(1): 43-49, 1995.
  • Shaw, C.A., Bains, J.S., Pasqualotto, B.A. and Curry, K.: Methionine sulfoximine shows excitotoxic actions in rat cortical slices. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 77(11): 871-877, 1999.
  • Skipton, S. and Dvorak, B.: Drinking water: chloramines water disinfection in Omaha Metropolitan Utilities District. Nebraska Cooperative Extension File NF02-505, 2002.
  • Thickett, K.M., McCoach, J.S., Gerber, J.M., Sadhra, S. and Burge, P.S.: Occupational asthma caused by chloramines in indoor swimming-pool air. Eur. Respir. J. 19(5): 827-832, 2002.

Last Updated Date : 01/05/2021