NICKEL CARBONYL†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 13463-39-3
Formula
 

Ni(CO)₄

Synonyms
 

nickel tetracarbonyl; tetracarbonyl nickel

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless to yellow liquid with a musty odor.
Boiling point 110°F Molecular weight 170.75
Freezing point/melting point -2.2°F Vapor pressure 315 mmHg
Flash point <-11.2°F Vapor density 5.89
Specific gravity 1.32 at 63°F Ionization potential 8.28 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 2% Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating 4 NFPA fire rating 3
NFPA reactivity rating 3 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.)
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*
Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments
Method reference
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

0.001 ppm (0.007 mg/m³)

REL-TWA
 

0.001 ppm (0.007 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA
 

 

PEL-TWA
 

0.001 ppm (0.007 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

0.05 mg/m³ [2013]

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

CARCINOGEN (Ca): REDUCE EXPOSURE TO LOWEST FEASIBLE CONCENTRATION. See Appendix A, NIOSH Potential Occupational Carcinogens.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

2 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-1, NIOSH-Ca, NTP-K, EPA-B2, TLV-A3 Notes:
 

Ca

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Nickel carbonyl

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Nickel carbonyl

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Nickel carbonyl, as Ni. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • EPA Air Toxics Website: Nickel Compounds. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technology Transfer Network.
  • Berge, S.R. and Skyberg, K.: Radiographic evidence of pulmonary fibrosis and possible etiologic factors at a nickel refinery in Norway. J. Environ. Monit. 5(4): 681-688, 2003.
  • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Nickel Carbonyl. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 2. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 1671-1673.
  • Scott, L.K., Grier, L.R., Arnold, T.C. and Conrad, S.A.: Respiratory failure from inhalational nickel carbonyl exposure treated with continuous high-volume hemofiltration and disulfiram. Inhal. Toxicol. 14(11): 1103-1109, 2002.

Last Updated Date : 01/28/2021