NONANE

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 111-84-2
Formula

C₉H₂₀

Synonyms

n-nonane; nonyl hydride

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor.
Boiling point 303°F Molecular weight 128.26
Freezing point/melting point -60°F Vapor pressure 3 mmHg
Flash point 88°F Vapor density 4.41
Specific gravity 0.718 Ionization potential 10.21 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 0.8% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 2.9%
NFPA health rating 1 NFPA fire rating 3
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) N807
Sampling group OVSG-1
Sampler/Sampling media CSC tube (100/50 mg) [SKC 226-01]
Sampling time*

80 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

4 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

0.05 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference OSHA 5000 (fully validated)
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA REL-TWA

200 ppm (1050 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA

200 ppm [2011]

PEL-TWA

200 ppm (1050 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL PEL-STEL
PEL-C REL-C TLV-C PEL-C
Skin notation

NA

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Notes:

Not established

Notes: Notes: Notes:
Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: Not listed Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - N-Nonane

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Nonane

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Nonane. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • Babu, R.J., Chatterjee, E., Ahaghotu, E. and Singh, M.: Percutaneous absorption and skin irritation upon low-level prolonged dermal exposure to nonane, dodecane and tetradecane in hairless rats. Toxicol. Ind. Health 20(6-10): 109-118, 2004.
  • Babu, R.J., Chatterjee, E. and Singh, M.: Assessment of skin irritation and molecular responses in rat skin exposed to nonane, dodecane and tetradecane. Toxicol. Lett. 153(2): 255-266, 2004.
  • Edwards, J.E., Rose, R.L. and Hodgson, E.: The metabolism of nonane, a JP-8 jet fuel component, by human liver microsomes, P450 isoforms and alcohol dehydrogenase and inhibition of human P450 isoforms by JP-8. Chem. Biol. Interact. 151(3): 203-211, 2005.
  • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Nonane. Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 2. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 1749-1751.
  • Smith, A.Q., Campbell, J.L., Keys, D.A. and Fisher, J.W.: Rat tissue and blood partition coefficients for n-alkanes (C8-C12). Int. J. Toxicol. 24(1): 35-41, 2005.

Last Updated Date : 04/13/2021