Woodworking operations can be hazardous, particularly when machines are used improperly or without proper safeguards.
Woodworking hazards are addressed in specific standards for the general industry.
This section highlights OSHA standards related to woodworking.
Note: Twenty-five states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have OSHA-approved State Plans and have adopted their own standards and enforcement policies. For the most part, these States adopt standards that are identical to Federal OSHA. However, some States have adopted different standards applicable to this topic or may have different enforcement policies.
General Industry (29
1910 Subpart D, Walking-working surfaces [related
1910 Subpart E Appendix, Exit routes, emergency action plans, and fire prevention
1910 Subpart G, Occupational health and environmental control
1910 Subpart H, Hazardous materials [related
1910.107, Spray finishing using flammable and combustible materials
1910 Subpart I, Personal protective equipment [related
1910 Subpart J, General environmental controls
1910 Subpart L, Fire protection [related
1910 Subpart N, Materials handling and storage
1910 Subpart O, Machinery and machine guarding [related
1910.213, Woodworking machinery requirements
1910.219, Mechanical power-transmission apparatus
Construction Industry (29
Frequently Cited Standards
A listing of the most frequently cited standards by
Federal OSHA for Millwork, Veneer, Plywood,
and Structural Wood Industry Group (SIC
code 243) and Wood Buildings and Mobile Homes
Industry Group (SIC code 245)
The following pre-selected SIC codes (returns only citations issued by Federal
OSHA) may also be used to obtain additional frequently cited standards
information for this industry.
- 243 - Millwork,
veneer, plywood, and structural wood
- Wood buildings and mobile homes
Hazards and Solutions
Workers operating woodworking equipment suffer the following common injuries:
- severed fingers
Health hazards for woodworking include wood dust and
chemicals used for finishing products, which may cause skin and respiratory
- The following OSHA video
clips and images from OSHA inspections display some of the machinery
and related hazards associated with woodworking operations:
Guide for Protecting Workers from Woodworking Hazards. OSHA
Publication 3157, (1999). Also available as a 543 KB
PDF, 74 pages.
Personal Protective Equipment. OSHA
Publication 3151-12R, (2003). Also available as a 629 KB
PDF, 46 pages. Discusses the types of equipment most commonly used
to protect the head, torso, arms, hands, and feet. Additional topics include
requirements, hazard assessment, selection, and employee training.
Hand and Power Tools. OSHA Publication 3080, (Revised 2002).
Also available as a
171 KB PDF,
32 pages. Presents to employees and employers
a summary of the basic safety procedures and safeguards associated
with hand and portable power tools.
Wood Products: Woodworking. OSHA eTool. Provides information on topics such
as assembly, production, and shipping.
Hazards Communication Guidelines for Compliance. OSHA Publication
3111, (2000). Also available as a 112 KB
33 pages. Provides a general guide for employers that do not produce or import chemicals to help them
determine what the HCS requires.
Materials Handling and Storing. OSHA Publication
2236. Also available as a 2 MB
41 pages. Helps employers know and understand the potential hazards associated
with the task at hand and how to control their workplaces to
minimize the danger.
Respiratory Protection. OSHA Publication 3079, (Revised 2002).
Also available as a 273 KB
42 pages. Provides an introduction to respiratory protection, and discusses the methods of protection a person can use to guard themselves against respiratory
Related Safety and Health Topics Pages
Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF and Video materials.