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Possible Solutions

There are many alternatives to common solvents that have potential health risks. These alternatives provide a safer work environment, and also a cleaner atmosphere. The following references provide possible solutions for solvent hazards in the workplace.

  • NEW Transitioning to Safer Chemicals: A Toolkit for Employers and Workers. OSHA, (2013). OSHA has developed this step-by-step toolkit to provide employers and workers with information, methods, tools, and guidance on using informed substitution in the workplace.
  • Using Duct Tape with Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) at Hazardous Waste Sites and Related Operations. OSHA Hazard Information Bulletin (HIB), (1988, April 11). Discusses duct tape and its resistance to most solvents. However, the adhesive on the duct tape is not designed for sealing of personal protective equipment (PPE) from thousands of chemicals and is soluble in almost every type of solvent known.
  • Organic Solvents. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Workplace Safety & Health Topic. Contains links to controls and recommendations for various organic solvents.
  • Controlling Cleaning-Solvent Vapors at Small Printers. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Publication No. 98-107, (1998). NIOSH researchers have demonstrated a control that reduces exposures to cleaning-solvent vapors to acceptable concentrations.
  • Preventing Bladder Cancer from Exposure to o-Toluidine and Aniline. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-116, (1990, December). Presents significant new epidemiologic evidence that clearly associates o-toluidine and aniline with an increased risk of bladder cancer.
  • Preventing Adverse Health Effects from Exposure to Dimethylformamide (DMF). US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-105, (1990, September). Describes engineering controls, good work practices, and personal protective equipment (PPE) recommended for controlling exposures to DMF by inhalation and skin contact.
  • Chemical Glove Selection. National Ag Safety Database (NASD), University of Delaware, Cooperative Extension. Reviews the hazards associated with exposure to chemicals.
  • Solvents. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Includes EPA's final decision not to list wastes generated from the use of 14 chemicals as solvents as hazardous under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), effective on December 21, 1998.
  • Alternative Cleaning Solvents and Processes (PDF). State of Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Fact Sheet. Contains alternative solvents as well as recovery operations.

*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.

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