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Exposures to toxic fumes and particles during painting.
- Solvents (e.g., aliphatic and aromatic
hydrocarbons, various ketones)1 can create both health and fire hazards.
- Pigments, anti-fouling and anti-rust paint components (e.g., organo-mercury
compounds, copper oxide, arsenic, organo-tin compounds, cadmium, chromium).1
- Types of paints used include: anti-rust paints that contain lead (e.g., red lead paint), zinc
chloride primer paints, hot plastic rust preventive and anti-fouling paints, copper-bottom
paints, and fire-resistant paints.
- Ship-board painting is often performed in confined spaces and tanks, thereby
concentrating fumes and particulates. In addition to health hazards, the opportunity for
fires and explosions increases.
- Lead poisoning can
occur from ingestion and inhalation of lead-based paint particles. The exposure depends on
the method of application; for example, rolling versus spraying. Exposure to other
hazardous constituents of paints can occur in the same way.
1 Burgess, W. A. "Recognition
of Health Hazards in Industry: A Review of Materials and Processes." Wiley- Interscience
2 Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Vol
3 Haglind, O. "Occupational health in the shipbuilding industry."
Safety and Health in Shipbuilding and Ship Repair. Geneva: International Labour Office,
- For standards covering painting operations in shipbuilding and repair, see 29 CFR 1915.35.
- Respiratory protection is
provided using air-line and air-purifying respirators.
- Mechanical air supply and exhaust are used to ventilate confined spaces and control exposures during
nozzles can be mounted on extensions, thereby lessening exposure to paint components and
improving visibility by reducing the amount of paint covering goggles and face shields.1,2 In some situations, application using brushes may provide the most
- Painting with lead-based
paints can be done at night when other workers will not be exposed. Supplied-air
respirators are often required to avoid exposure.3
For the standard
covering occupational exposures to lead, see 29 CFR 1910.1025.