- Safety and Health Topics
- Shipbuilding and Ship Repair
Shipbuilding and Ship Repair
Shipbuilding and ship repair includes the manufacture, repair, and maintenance of ships. Several types of hazards are common in this industry, including chemical (asbestos, welding fumes, solvents, paints, fuels), physical (noise, heat stress), and safety (fires, confined spaces, falls, heavy equipment).
Shipbuilding and ship repair hazards are addressed in specific OSHA standards for Shipyard Employment and Construction.
Provides standard information on fire protection.
Hazards and Solutions
Provides references that aid in recognizing and controlling hazards in shipbuilding and ship repair.
Provides links and references to additional resources related to shipbuilding and ship repair.
- Hazards during the Repair and Maintenance of Refrigeration Systems on Vessels. OSHA Fact Sheet, (November 2015).
- Ventilation in Shipyard Employment. OSHA Publication 3639-04, (2013).
- OSHA reissues Shipbreaking National Emphasis Program and updates Shipyard PPE directive to include PPE Payment. OSHA Trade News Release, (November 29, 2010).
- Shipyard Employment "Tool Bag" Directive. CPL 02-00-157, (April 1, 2014). Provides OSHA offices, interested industry representatives, State Plan programs and federal agencies with guidance concerning the application of occupational safety and health standards in shipyard employment. Also, this instruction provides current information and ensures the consistent enforcement of OSHA's shipyard employment standards (29 CFR Part 1915).
- Examining Fatal Shipyard Accidents. OSHA Video. Provides animated re-enactments of fatal accidents investigated by OSHA.
- Shipyard Employment. OSHA eTool. Shipyard work has traditionally been hazardous, with an injury-accident rate more than twice that of construction and general industry. OSHA has targeted the industry in its Strategic Plan to reduce injuries and illnesses and prevent fatalities.
How do I find out about employer responsibilities and workers' rights?
Workers have a right to a safe workplace. The law requires employers to provide their employees with safe and healthful workplaces. The OSHA law also prohibits employers from retaliating against employees for exercising their rights under the law (including the right to raise a health and safety concern or report an injury). For more information see www.whistleblowers.gov or Workers' rights under the OSH Act.
OSHA can help answer questions or concerns from employers and workers. To reach your regional or area OSHA office, go to the OSHA Offices by State webpage or call 1-800-321-OSHA (6742).
Small business employers may contact OSHA's free and confidential On-Site Consultation program to help determine whether there are hazards at their worksites and work with OSHA on correcting any identified hazards. Consultants in this program from state agencies or universities work with employers to identify workplace hazards, provide advice on compliance with OSHA standards, and assist in establishing injury and illness prevention programs. On-Site Consultation services are separate from enforcement activities and do not result in penalties or citations. To contact OSHA's free consultation service, go to OSHA's On-Site Consultation web page or call 1-800-321-OSHA (6742) and press number 4.
Workers may file a complaint to have OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe that their employer is not following OSHA standards or that there are serious hazards. Workers can file a complaint with OSHA by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742), online via eComplaint Form, or by printing the complaint form and mailing or faxing it to the local OSHA area office. Complaints that are signed by a worker are more likely to result in an inspection.
If you think your job is unsafe or if you have questions, contact OSHA at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Your contact will be kept confidential. We can help. For other valuable worker protection information, such as Workers' Rights, Employer Responsibilities, and other services OSHA offers, visit OSHA's Workers' page.