<< Return to Previous Page


Potential Hazard
  • Possible employee exposure to X-ray radiation: 
    • during diffraction operations.
    • when used as a source for photoexposure.
    • during ion implantation.
    • from e-beam evaporation.
Possible Solutions
  • Identify X-ray sources; perform exposure evaluations when applicable.
  • Enclose operations with X-ray emissions; provide shielding as necessary.
  • Provide PPE [29 CFR 1910 Subpart I] as appropriate during operations when exposure is necessary.
  • Implement ionizing radiation safety programs to further identify and control X-ray hazards.
Additional Information

OSHA Safety and Health Topics Pages: