- Safety and Health Topics
- Legionnaires Disease
Hazards and Solutions
The likelihood of contracting Legionnaires' disease depends on the level of contamination in the water source, the susceptibility of the person exposed, and the intensity of exposure. The following references aid in recognizing and preventing hazards associated with Legionnaires' disease in the workplace.
- Legionnaires' Disease Risk for Workers in the Plastic Injection Molding Industry. OSHA Hazard Information Bulletin (HIB), (December 9, 1998). Provides information to workers engaged in the manufacture of plastic parts using injection molding equipment that may be at an increased risk for contracting Legionnaires' disease.
- OSHA Technical Manual (OTM). OSHA Directive TED 01-00-015 [TED 1-0.15A], (January 20, 1999).
- Legionnaires' Disease. Provides information to assist industrial hygienists in the assessment of work sites for potential Legionnaires' disease, disease recognition, investigation procedures to identify probable water sources, and control strategies. The following appendixes are useful in employee education and outbreak response:
- Employee Awareness Program
- Water Treatment Protocols For Facilities That Have Experienced A Legionnaires' Outbreak
- Legionnaires' Disease. eTool. Offers a graphical menu to assist in the assessment of worksites for potential Legionnaires' disease and provides information on disease recognition, investigation procedures, and control strategies.
- Section II:E Water Sampling Guidelines
- Section IV: What actions are required when an outbreak is confirmed?
- Hospital. eTool. Focuses on some of the hazards and controls found in the hospital setting, and describes standard requirements as well as recommended safe work practices for employee safety and health.
- Legionella (Legionnaires' Disease and Pontiac Fever) – Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- Guidelines for Preventing Health-Care-Associated Pneumonia, 2003 (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 53(RR03);1-36, (March 26, 2004). Provides information for controlling hospital infections involving Legionella contamination.
- ASHRAE Guideline 12-2000, Minimizing the Risk of Legionellosis Associated with Building Water Systems. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE).
- NSW Code of Practice for the Control of Legionnaires’ Disease 2nd Edition 2004. Department of Health, New South Wales, Australia, (June 2004). Outlines procedures that minimize the risk of infection to personnel working around potential sites of legionellosis infection.