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Possible Solutions

The following references provide possible solutions for laser hazards in the workplace.

  • OSHA Technical Manual (OTM). OSHA Directive TED 01-00-015 [TED 1-0.15A], (1999, January 20).
  • Control of Smoke from Laser/Electric Surgical Procedures. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-128, (1996). During surgical procedures using a laser or electrosurgical unit, the thermal destruction of tissue creates a smoke byproduct. Research studies have confirmed that this smoke plume can contain toxic gases and vapors.
  • Protection of DoD Personnel from Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation and Military Exempt Lasers (PDF). US Department of Defense (DoD), (2009, August 19). Presents the DoD policy toward laser products that are used exclusively by DoD components and are either classified, or designed for combat or combat training.
  • Laboratory Safety Manual. Oklahoma State University (OSU), Environmental Health & Safety, (Revised May 2012). Laser Safety is covered in chapter 6.
  • Laser Safety Manual. The University of Pennsylvania, Environmental Health & Radiation Safety. Identifies hazards, provides recommendations for proper use, provides for medical surveillance and for laser safety training for individuals using lasers to ensure safe use of lasers in research.
  • Laser Safety and the Eye: Hidden Hazards and Practical Pearls. Lions Laser Skin Centre, Vancouver Hospital & Health Sciences Center, (1996, February 10-15). Links to a poster presentation from the February 1996 American Academy of Dermatology. Covers effects on the eye from laser energy, eye protection, and a list of references.

*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.

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