- Safety and Health Topics
- Landscape and Horticultural Services
Landscape and Horticultural Services
Landscaping and horticulture hazards are addressed in specific OSHA standards for general industry if work is considered maintenance activity and construction if work is considered building activity.This section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to landscape and horticulture services.
Frequently Cited Standards
OSHA maintains a listing of the most frequently cited standards for specified 6-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes. Please refer to OSHA's Frequently Cited OSHA Standards page for additional information. For Landscape and Horticultural Services, use NAICS code 561730 in the NAICS search box.
Other Highlighted Standards
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
|Subpart D – Walking-Working Surfaces||1910.22, General requirements|
|1910.27, Scaffolds and rope descent systems|
|Subpart I – Personal Protective Equipment||1910.134, Respiratory protection|
|1910.136, Foot protection|
|1910.138, Hand protection|
|Subpart J – General Environmental Controls||1910.147, The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout)|
|Subpart K – Medical and First Aid||1910.151, Medical services and first aid|
|Subpart N – Materials Handling and Storage||1910.178, Powered industrial trucks|
|Subpart P – Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand-Held Equipment||1910.243, Guarding of portable powered tools|
|Subpart R – Special Industries||1910.268, Telecommunications (e.g., when trimming near communication lines)|
|Subpart S – Electrical||1910.332, Training|
|1910.334, Use of equipment|
|Subpart Z – Toxic and Hazardous Substances||1910.1030, Bloodborne pathogens. See also Most Frequently Asked Questions Concerning the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1030. Provides answers to the most commonly asked questions related to the BBP standard.|
Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
|Subpart C – General Safety and Health Provisions||1926.25, Housekeeping|
|Subpart D – Occupational Health and Environmental Controls||
1926.50, Medical services and first aid
|Subpart E – Personal Protective and Life Saving Equipment||1926.100, Head protection|
|1926.101, Hearing protection|
|1926.102, Eye and face protection|
|Subpart I – Tools - Hand and Power||1926.307, Mechanical power-transmission apparatus|
|Subpart K – Electrical||1926.403, General requirements|
|Subpart L – Scaffolds||1926.451, General requirements|
|Subpart M – Fall Protection||1926.501, Duty to have fall protection [related topic page]|
|Subpart O – Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment, and Marine Operations||1926.600, Equipment|
|1926.601, Motor vehicles|
|1926.602, Material handling equipment|
|1926.604, Site clearing|
|Subpart P – Excavations||1926.651, Specific excavation requirements|
|Subpart W – Rollover Protective Structures; Overhead Protection||1926.1000, Rollover protective structures (ROPS) for material handling equipment|
|1926.1001, Minimum performance criteria for rollover protective structures for designated scrapers, loaders, dozers, graders, and crawler tractors|
|1926.1002, Protective frames (roll-over protective structures, known as ROPS) for wheel-type agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction|
|1926.1003, Overhead protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors|
|Subpart X – Stairways and Ladders||1926.1060, Training requirements|
Additional Federal Register notices
Note: The "Federal Register notices" bullets above link to federal register notices related to each OSHA standard. The federal register notices in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.
- Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution; Electrical Protective Equipment; Final Rule; Stay of Enforcement and Correction. Final Rules 59:33658-33664, (June 30, 1994). Corrects the enforcement of some of the requirements contained in the electric power generation standard, language in the preamble explaining the standard, and several additional errors.
- Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution; Electrical Protective Equipment. Final Rules 59:4320-4476, (January 31, 1994). Addresses the work practices to be used during the operation and maintenance of electric power generation, transmission, and distribution facilities. The standard includes requirements relating to working near energized parts, and line-clearance tree trimming.
Note: The "Directives" bullets above link to directives related to each OSHA standard. The directives in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.
- Enforcement of the Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution Standard. CPL 02-01-038 [CPL 2-1.38], (June 18, 2003). Provides information to assist OSHA compliance personnel in performing inspections at electric power generation, transmission, and distribution lines, and equipment and other installations covered by 29 CFR 1910.269.
- Logging Operations, Inspection Procedures and Interpretive Guidance Including Twelve Previously Stayed Provisions. CPL 02-01-022 [CPL 2-1.22], (September 27, 1996). Establishes revised policies and provides clarification to ensure uniform enforcement of the Logging Operations Standard (29 CFR 1910.266). These policies and procedures have been amended in part to clarify enforcement of the previously stayed provisions of the standard. Current policy requires arborists to comply with portions of OSHA's logging standard (29 CFR 1910.266) when performing logging operations, such as felling trees. Proposed citations of employers in SIC 0783 under the logging standard are reviewed by OSHA's National Office.
- Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution; Electrical Protective Equipment; Final Rule. CSP 01-01-028 [STP 2-1.172], (April 15, 1994). Describes a federal program change to the regions and state designees.
- Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices -- Inspection Procedures and Interpretation Guidelines. STD 01-16-007 [STD 1-16.7], (July 1, 1991). Establishes policies and provides interpretive guidelines to ensure uniform enforcement of the standard for Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices, 29 CFR 1910.331 through 29 CFR 1910.335.
Additional Letters of Interpretation
Note: The “Letters of interpretation” bullets above link to interpretations related to each OSHA standard. The letters in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.
- Protection of ground-level workers from lowering of aerial lift bucket. (September 23, 1999).
- Clarification of 1910.269 as applied to line-clearance tree-trimming operations. (April 26, 1999).
- Occupational noise exposure standard affords protection to landscape service industry employees. (March 19, 1999).
- Apparel requirements for line-clearance tree-trimmers. (October 29, 1998).
- Fall protection anchorage points: guardrail systems and cranes. (June 8, 1998).
- Interpretation of the electric power generation, transmission, and distribution standard. (June 4, 1996).
- Scope of logging standard - 1910.266. (March 12, 1996).
- Clarification of electric power generators, transmission and distribution standard. (July 18, 1994).
- Landscape employees working in extreme temperatures. (July 14, 1992).
- The correct testing procedure for tree-trimming saddle belts. (May 7, 1982).
There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.
National Consensus Standards
Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
The following voluntary ANSI standards may be applicable to the landscaping and horticultural industry. Compliance with ANSI standards does not ensure compliance with OSHA policy, although the requirements of some ANSI standards have been adopted within OSHA standards. This list is provided for reference use only.
- A10.14, Requirements for Safety belts, Harnesses, Lanyards, Lifelines, and Drop Lines for Constructional and Industrial Use
- A14.1, Ladders - Portable Wood - Safety Requirements
- A14.2, Ladders - Portable Metal - Safety Requirements
- A14.5, Stepladders and Platform Ladders, Aluminum Magnesium, Fiberglass Ladders
- A92.2, Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating Aerial Devices
- A300, Tree Care Operations - Tree, Shrub and Other Woody Plant Maintenance - Standard Practices
- B30.5, Mobile and Locomotive Truck Cranes
- B71.1, Powered Lawn Mowers and Garden Tractors
- B71.3, Snow Throwers
- B71.4, Commercial Turf Type Equipment
- B71.6, Shredders and Grinders
- B71.8, Tillers
- B175.1, Gasoline Powered Chain Saws, Safety Requirements
- B175.2, Blowers
- B175.3, Trimmers and Brushcutters
- Z41, Protective Footgear Requirements
- Z87.1, Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection Devices
- Z89.1, Personnel Protection - Protective Headgear for Industrial Workers - Requirements
- Z133.1, Arboricultural Operations Safety
- Z308.1, Minimum Requirements for Workplace First Aid Kits
- Z359.1, Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems, and Components