Eye and Face Protection
There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.
This section highlights OSHA standards, Federal Registers (rules, proposed rules, and notices), standard interpretations (official letters of interpretation of the standards), and national consensus standards related to eye and face protection.
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
- 1910 Subpart I, Personal protective equipment
- 1910 Subpart Q, Welding, cutting, and brazing
Shipyard Employment (29 CFR 1915)
Longshoring (29 CFR 1918)
Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
- 1926 Subpart E, Personal protective and life saving equipment
- Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Eye and Face Protection. Proposed Rules 80:13295-13304, (2015, March 13). Notice of proposed rulemaking to update its general industry, shipyard employment, marine terminals, longshoring, and construction eye and face protection standards by incorporating by reference the three most recent versions of the American National Standards Institute ("ANSI" or "national consensus standard") Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection standard.
- Employer Payment for Personal Protective Equipment; Final Rule. Final Rules 72:64341-64430, (2007, November 15). Stipulates that the employer must pay for required PPE, except in the limited cases specified in the standard. Safety-toe protective footwear and prescription safety glasses were excepted from the employer payment requirement, in large part because these items were considered to be very personal in nature and were often worn off the jobsite.
- Employer Payment for Personal Protective Equipment. Proposed Rules 64:15401-15441, (1999, March 31). Implements the intent of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, makes clear who is to pay for what kind of personal protective equipment (PPE), and improves protection to employees who must wear PPE.
- Search all available Federal Registers.
- Clarification of PIT requirements covering: fall protection and safety platforms, seatbelts, LP-gas storage, smoking, and eye wash stations. (2002, March 8).
- Requirements for emergency eyewash stations in retail autoparts stores. (1994, August 11).
- Standard requirements for eyewash and shower equipment, personnel and other protective equipment and air circulation fans, used in an automotive battery charging area. (1994, March 31).
- Search all available standard interpretations.
Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
- Z87.1-2003, Occupational and Educational Personal Eye and Face Protection Devices. Sets forth criteria related to the description, general requirements, testing, marking, selection, care, and use of protectors to minimize or prevent injuries, from such hazards as impact, non-ionizing radiation, and chemical type injuries, in occupational and educational environments including, but not limited to, machinery operations, material welding and cutting, chemical handling, and assembly operations.
- Z87.1-1989, Practice for Occupational/Educational Eye and Face Protection. American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE), Secretariat for ANSI Standard (Revised 1998). Recognizes the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) study that revealed the need for angular protection in addition to frontal protection.
- Z358.1-1998, Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment. Provides requirements for eyewash facilities, including location and flow specifications.