Crouching or kneeling to reach into the back of a van (Figure 1) or a truck with a shell might put contact stress on the knees and stress on the lower back.
Employers often use vans with a narrow, short access space to store
materials. Stooping and reaching may be required to access these materials.
Roll-out truck bed deck.
Perform lifting tasks from a kneeling position and pushing and
pulling tasks from a crouched position when working in cramped areas.
Install a roll-out truck bed deck (Figure 2). Materials will be free from the confines of the truck shell and sides, allowing
employees to gain easy access to the contents of the truck. These deck platforms also provide a convenient waist-high work space.
Place the most commonly-used materials closest to doors or in
outside truck bins, minimizing the stooping and reaching.
Loading and Unloading
Figure 3. Employee lifting heavy equipment.
Lifting and lowering materials and equipment from the back of
vehicles may place strain on the back.
Lifting toolboxes, supplies, or other materials over the sides of the
truck stresses the shoulders and back.
Figure 4. Hydraulic lift raising
a mobile tool box.