Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Radiation
Hazard Locations and Solutions
Although extremely low frequency (ELF) exposures occur everywhere, potentially hazardous exposure depends on the strength of the ELF fields at the source, the distance from the source, and possibly the duration of exposure. The following references describe where significant exposures may occur and may be useful in identifying significant exposures and possible solutions.
- EMF (Electric and Magnetic Fields). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Workplace Safety and Health Topic.
- EMFs in the Workplace. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-129, (1996). A Spanish version is also available. Answers frequently-asked questions about extremely low frequency (ELF)- electric magnetic fields (EMFs) in the workplace and helps identify EMF sources at work and suggests simple steps for reducing exposures.
- Electric & Magnetic Fields. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), National Institutes of Health (NIH). Provides links to EMF health effects, results of EMF research and EMF Questions and Answers.
- Electromagnetic Fields. World Health Organization (WHO). Links to studies and publications.
- EMF in your Environment: Magnetic Field Measurements Of Everyday Electrical Devices. National Center for Environmental Publications and Information (NCEPI), P.O. Box 42419 Cincinnati, OH 45242-2419, Fax Number: (301) 604-3408.
- General Information. California Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Program. Contains fact sheets in English and Spanish concerning EMF hazards and solutions in homes and schools. Also, provides a link to a video that describes how improperly connected electrical wiring could pose hazards in schools, as well as a school design guidelines checklist which discusses practical, "no- and low-cost" techniques for minimizing exposure to magnetic fields in new and remodeled school buildings.