Many dental care professionals are at risk for occupational exposure to a variety of hazardous chemicals and situations. Being unaware of the potential hazards in the work environment makes them more vulnerable to injury. The following references aid in recognizing, controlling and preventing hazards in the workplace.
Preventing Adverse Health Effects From Exposure to Beryllium in Dental Laboratories (PDF). OSHA Health Information Bulletin (HIB), (2002, April 19 - Revised May 2002). Provides information on the ways in which beryllium exposures can be reduced, the type of protective equipment which can be worn to reduce exposure, and on the type of medical surveillance procedures that can be used to identify workers who may be sensitized to beryllium, or who may be in the early stages of CBD.
Healthcare-associated Infections (HAIs). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Provides link to general information on a wide variety of common and unusual bacteria, fungi, and viruses during course of receiving medical care.
Guidelines for Infection Control in Dental Health-Care Settings - 2003. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Provides the CDC's Oral Health Resources site for infection control in dentistry. This 108 slide set with accompanying speaker notes is available for download or viewing online and can be used for education and training of dental staff (initial and periodic training).
Device Screening and Evaluation Forms. Provides a collection of forms made available for general use to help increase the safety of both dental personnel and their patients. Forms are available in PDF and HTML formats.
Recommended Infection-Control Practices for Dentistry, 1993 (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 1993, May 28;42(RR-8). Offers guidance to reduce the risk of disease transmission among dental health care workers and their patients. This previous recommendation was consolidated into the 2003 guidelines.
Updated U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 2005, September 30;54(RR09):1-17. Modifies and expands the list of antiretroviral medications that can be considered for use as postexposure prophylaxis (PEP). This report also emphasizes prompt management of occupational exposures, selection of tolerable regimens, attention to potential drug interactions involving drugs that could be included in HIV PEP regimens and other medications, consultation with experts for postexposure management strategies (especially determining whether an exposure has actually occurred) and selection of HIV PEP regimens, use of HIV rapid testing, and counseling and follow-up of exposed personnel.
For additional information, see OSHA's Safety and Health Topics Pages on:
NIOSH Warns: Nitrous Oxide Continues to Threaten Health Care Workers. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-118, (1994, June 14). Provides a brief update of the hazards of exposure to nitrous oxide (N2O), including steps for prevention. Presents control measures for preventing or greatly reducing exposure to N20 during the administration of anesthetic gas.
Controlling Exposures to Nitrous Oxide During Anesthetic Administration. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-100, (1994). Concludes that exposure to N20 causes decreases in mental performance, audiovisual ability, and manual dexterity and that adverse reproductive effects may also result from chronic exposure to N20.
Control of Nitrous Oxide in Dental Operatories. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-107, Hazard Control HC3, (1998). Presents NIOSH research that shows controls including system maintenance, ventilation, and operations. Includes step-by-step approach to controlling N2O exposure.
Case Study E: Dental Administration of Nitrous Oxide. Analyzes workplace exposures to waste nitrous oxide during dental procedures
Nitrous Oxide in Workplace Atmospheres (Passive Monitor). OSHA Inorganic Method ID-166, (Revised May 1994). Describes the sample collection of airborne nitrous oxide (N2O). There is sufficient concern to warrant positive steps to control the airborne levels of N2O in workplaces, such as medical, dental and veterinary facilities.
Injury and Illness Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements. OSHA's rule addressing the recording and reporting of occupational injuries and illnesses affects approximately 1.4 million establishments. The data collected by this rule aids employers, employees and compliance officers in analyzing the safety and health environment at the employer's establishment and is the source of information for the OSHA Data Initiative (ODI) and the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) Annual Survey.
29 CFR 1904.39, Reporting fatalities and multiple hospitalization incidents to OSHA. OSHA Standard. Provides phone numbers to report fatalities or imminent life-threatening situation, as well as to report accidents, unsafe conditions or other safety and health violations.
Employers. Provides resources to help employers comply with and workers understand OSHA requirements.
For additional information on general safety and health concerns, see OSHA's Safety and Health Topics Pages on:
All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.
**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.
U.S. Department of Labor | Occupational Safety & Health Administration | 200 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20210 Telephone: 800-321-OSHA (6742) | TTY www.OSHA.gov
Thank You for Visiting Our Website
You are exiting the Department of Labor's Web server.
The Department of Labor does not endorse, takes no responsibility for, and exercises no control over the linked organization or its views, or contents, nor does it vouch for the accuracy or accessibility of the information contained on the destination server. The Department of Labor also cannot authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked Web sites. Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked Web site. Thank you for visiting our site. Please click the button below to continue.