This section identifies some of the major industry segments involved in the manufacturing of concrete and concrete products, and in
construction work with concrete. It also lists some of the leading workplace hazards for these industries and links to safety and health
resources for controlling these hazards.
Construction. OSHA eTool. A Spanish version is also available. Construction can be a safe occupation when workers are aware of the hazards and an effective Safety and Health Program is used. This eTool contains information that helps workers identify and control the hazards that cause the most serious construction-related injuries.
OSHA Hazard Awareness Advisor. OSHA. Helps businesses (especially small businesses) identify and understand common occupational safety and health hazards in their work place.
Permit-Required Confined Spaces (PDF). OSHA Publication 3138-01R, (2004). Provides a general overview of procedures for protecting workers from the hazards of confined spaces using permit-required entry plans.
Worker Deaths in Confined Spaces. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-103, (1994, January). Contains summary data and investigative reports of fatal incidents involving workers who entered confined spaces.
Preventing Occupational Fatalities in Confined Spaces.
US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 86-110, (1986, January). Describes several fatal confined spaces incidents and makes recommendations for preventing similar events.
Investigations of Fatal Confined Space Incidents. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report:
NIOSH FACE Reports and
Preventing Skin Problems from Working with Portland Cement. OSHA Guidance Document, (2008). Employees may suffer dermal hazards in working with wet cement such as cement burns (due to its caustic nature) and inflammation of the skin (either due to irritant or allergic contact dermatitis). This guidance addresses ways to prevent or minimize skin problems through the proper selection and use of gloves, boots and other personal protective equipment such as kneepads; proper skin care and work practices such as use of pH neutral or slightly acidic soaps; and ways of making cement products less hazardous.
An Employer's Guide to Skin Protection. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety & Health (elcosh), (2000). Provides guidance for employers to prevent skin problems in employees who work with wet cement products.
Save Your Skin Toolbox Talk. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety & Health (elcosh), (1999). Toolbox session on the causes and prevention of skin problems from Portland cement products.
Worker Deaths by Falls. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 2000-116, (2002). Summarizes surveillance data and investigative reports of fatal work-related falls from elevation. Each case also includes
recommendations for preventing similar accidents.
Respiratory Protection (PDF*). OSHA Publication 3079, (2002). Provides a non-exhaustive overview of OSHA requirements for using respirators to safeguard workers, including how to develop an effective respiratory protection program.
Respiratory Protection. OSHA eTool. Helps workers comply with the updated OSHA respirator standard. This eTool will instruct you on the proper selection of respiratory protection and the development of change schedules for gas/vapor cartridges.
Crystalline Silica Exposure (PDF). OSHA Publication 3176, (2002). Contains a concise description of crystalline silica, the hazards associated with it, and what workers can do to prevent developing silicosis as a result of exposure to it.
A Guide to Working Safely with Silica (PDF). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), (1997, January 31). Provides information about the health hazards of silica and suggests ways to prevent silicosis.
Personal Protective Equipment (PDF). OSHA Publication 3151-12R, (2003). Helps both employers and employees learn the basics of conducting a "hazard assessment" of the workplace, select appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and know how to properly use it.
Chipping out the Drum: Safe Work Practices. Georgia Tech Research Corporation. Produced under OSHA Susan Harwood Training Grant number 46D3-HT02. Training materials for workers who chip out hardened concrete from the interior of mixer drums on concrete trucks.
All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.
**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.
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