- Safety and Health Topics
This section highlights OSHA standards and directives (instructions for compliance officers) and other related information that may apply to possible worker exposure to cytomegalovirus (CMV).
There is no specific OSHA standard covering CMV. However, there are some OSHA standards that may apply to preventing occupational exposure to sources of CMV.
- OSHA's Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) standards (29 CFR 1910 Subpart I), which include requirements for when employees must use gloves and eye and face protection, may apply to protecting workers from CMV.
- OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) applies to occupational exposure to human blood and other potentially infectious materials. The BBP standard applies to occupational exposure to some human body fluids, including blood and saliva in dental procedures, which can transmit CMV. The BBP standard also describes measures could serve as a framework to control non-bloodborne exposures, including to body fluids such as urine, feces, and saliva (except in dental procedures) to which the standard does not apply.
The General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act of 1970, 29 USC 654(a)(1), which requires employers to furnish to each worker "employment and a place of employment, which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm" may be cited where uncontrolled occupational hazards are present and no other OSHA standard is applicable to address those hazards.
Employers must also protect their workers from exposure to chemicals used for cleaning and disinfection. Employers should be aware that common sanitizers and sterilizers used by childcare workers to clean toys and other items could contain hazardous chemicals. Where workers are exposed to hazardous chemicals, employers must comply with OSHA's Hazard Communication standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) and other applicable OSHA chemical standards. OSHA provides information about hazardous chemicals used in hospitals in the Housekeeping section of its Hospital eTool.
Paragraph 11(c) of the OSH Act, 29 USC 660(c), prohibits employers from retaliating against workers for raising concerns about safety and health conditions. OSHA encourages workers who suffer such discrimination to submit a complaint to OSHA. Workers must file their complaints within 30 days after such violation occurs.
Depending on the specific work task, setting, and exposure to other biological or chemical agents, some OSHA standards that may apply include:
Recordkeeping and Reporting Occupational Injuries and Illness (29 CFR 1904)
|29 CFR Part 1904 – Recording and Reporting Occupational Injuries and Illness|
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
|Subpart I – Personal Protective Equipment||1910.132, General requirements|
|1910.133, Eye and face protection|
|1910.138, Hand protection|
|Subpart J – General Environmental Controls||1910.141, Sanitation|
|Subpart Z – Toxic and Hazardous Substances||1910.1020, Access to employee exposure and medical records|
|1910.1030, Bloodborne pathogens. See also Most Frequently Asked Questions Concerning the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1030. Provides answers to the most commonly asked questions related to the BBP standard.|
|1910.1200, Hazard communication|
Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related Matters (29 CFR 1960)
|29 CFR 1960 – Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs||
Note: The “Directives” bullets above link to directives related to each OSHA standard. The directives in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.
- Rules of agency practice and procedure concerning OSHA access to employee medical records. CPL 02-02-072, (August 22, 2007). Provides guidance to OSHA personnel concerning rule application and agency practice and procedure set forth at 29 CFR 1913.10 when accessing personally identifiable worker medical records. Guidance also covers authorization by the Assistant Secretary to conduct a limited worker medical information review when OSHA standards require such information and there is a need to gain access to determine compliance.
Additional Letters of Interpretation
Note: The “Letters of interpretation” bullets above link to letters related to each OSHA standard. The letters in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.
- Employees (daycare workers) required to provide first aid are covered by 1910.1030. (October 21, 1999).
There are 28 OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.