Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Battery Manufacturing

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Battery Manufacturing Menu



  • Lead: Battery Manufacturing. OSHA eTool. Provides an interactive web-based training tool on controlling lead exposures in battery manufacturing.

Exposure to lead is the primary health concern in battery manufacturing, and consequently, the focus of this topic page. Any operation in which battery plates, lead scrap, or oxide is handled may be a significant source of lead exposure. Airborne dispersion of lead dust (which settles on equipment, floors and other surfaces) via cross-drafts, pedestrian and vehicular traffic, and dry sweeping, may be an additional source of lead exposure.

If the dross that forms on top of lead pots is handled carelessly, lead exposure can result. Lead particles can also become airborne via attachment to acid or water mists. Lead fumes from lead pots, torching, burning, or other operations where a flame contacts lead, or lead is heated above the melting point, may also be sources of lead exposure.


Battery manufacturing plants under federal jurisdiction are required to comply with specific OSHA standards for general industry.



Provides additional sources of information about the health effects of lead exposure.


Evaluating Exposure

Provides assistance for evaluating lead exposure.



Provides references that contain information to help reduce lead exposure.


Additional Resources

Provides links and references to additional resources related to lead exposure.


Workers' Rights

Workers have the right to:

  • Working conditions that do not pose a risk of serious harm.
  • Receive information and training (in a language and vocabulary the worker understands) about workplace hazards, methods to prevent them, and the OSHA standards that apply to their workplace.
  • Review records of work-related injuries and illnesses.
  • File a complaint asking OSHA to inspect their workplace if they believe there is a serious hazard or that their employer is not following OSHA's rules. OSHA will keep all identities confidential.
  • Exercise their rights under the law without retaliation, including reporting an injury or raising health and safety concerns with their employer or OSHA. If a worker has been retaliated against for using their rights, they must file a complaint with OSHA as soon as possible, but no later than 30 days.

For additional information, see OSHA's Workers page.

How to Contact OSHA

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA's role is to help ensure these conditions for America's working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit www.osha.gov or call OSHA at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742), TTY 1-877-889-5627.


  • Sawmills. OSHA eTool. An interactive web-based training tool on the hazards associated with working in sawmills. Provides information on topics such as lumber storage, log handling, and plant-wide hazards.
  • Woodworking. OSHA eTool. An interactive web-based training tool on the hazards associated with woodworking. Provides information on topics such as assembly, production, and shipping.
  • Logging. OSHA eTool. By many measures, logging is the most hazardous industry in the United States, particularly the activity of manual felling. This eTool outlines the required and recommended work practices that may reduce logging hazards.
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