Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Battery Manufacturing

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Controlling the exposure to lead can be done through engineering controls, administrative actions, and personal protective equipment (PPE). Engineering controls include local exhaust ventilation, total enclosures where feasible, mechanical handling methods, and isolation of the source generating lead. Administrative actions include limiting the worker's exposure time, and requiring workers to shower and change into clean clothes before leaving the worksite. Personal protective equipment may include wearing the proper respiratory protection to keep workers' exposure below the OSHA permissible exposure limit and the use of personal protective clothing.

The following references contain information to help reduce lead exposures.

  • Lead: Battery Manufacturing. OSHA eTool. Provides an interactive web-based training tool on the hazards and controls associated with battery manufacturing.
  • Lead. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
  • Respiratory Protection. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
  • Hazard Communication. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
  • Occupational Lead Exposure: A Health Care Provider Alert. Washington State Department of Labor and Industries Report #17-7-2001, (May 2001). Designed to help you work with the Department of Labor and Industries to prevent lead poisoning.
  • Health and Safety Guide for Storage Battery Manufactures. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), (July 1977). Describes safe practices and some of the more frequently encountered safety and health violations in battery manufacturing plants.
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