PIPERONYL BUTOXIDE

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 51-03-6
Formula
 

C₁₉H₃₀O₅

Synonyms
 

α-(2-(2-butoxyethoxyl)ethoxy)-4,5-methylenedioxy-2-propyltoluene; butyl carbitol 6-propylpiperonyl ether; butacide; 6-propylpiperonyl butyl diethylene glycol ether

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Pale yellow to light brown liquid with a mild odor and a faint bitter taste.
Boiling point 356° at 1 mmHg Molecular weight 388.45
Freezing point/melting point Vapor pressure
Flash point 340°F Vapor density
Specific gravity 1.04-1.07 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating NFPA fire rating
NFPA reactivity rating NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) P209
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media OSHA versatile sampler (OVS-2) - 13 mm XAD-2 tube (270/140 mg) with GFF enclosed [SKC 226-30-16]
Sampling time*

30 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

30 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 

1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Analytical method instruments HPLC
Method reference OSHA PV2110 (partially validated)
Notes
 

 

Special requirements
 

 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

 

REL-TWA
 

 

TLV-TWA
 

 

PEL-TWA
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

NA

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

Not established

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-3 Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Piperonyl butoxide

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Piperonyl butoxide

Literature References

 
  • Prentiss Incorporated: Prentox® Piperonyl Butoxide Technical Material Safety Data Sheet, 1998, 4 pp.
  • Wester, R.C., Bucks, D.A.W. and Maibach, H.I.: Human in vivo percutaneous absorption of pyrethrin and piperonyl butoxide. Food Chem. Toxicol. 32(1): 51-53, 1994.
  • [No authors listed]: Piperonyl butoxide. IARC Monogr. Eval. Carcinog. Risk Chem. Hum. 30: 183-195, 1983.

Last Updated Date : 01/08/2021