1,2,3-TRICHLOROPROPANE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 96-18-4
Formula

C₃H₅Cl₃

Synonyms

allyl trichloride; glycerol trichlorohydrin; glyceryl trichlorohydrin; trichlorohydrin

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor.
Boiling point 314°F Molecular weight 147.4
Freezing point/melting point 6°F Vapor pressure 3 mmHg
Flash point 160°F Vapor density 5.08
Specific gravity 1.39 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 3.2% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 12.6%
NFPA health rating 2 NFPA fire rating 2
NFPA reactivity rating 1 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 2510
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media CSC tube (100/50 mg) [SKC 226-01]
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*

0.01-0.2 L/min

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference NIOSH 1003 (partially validated)
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Infrared spectrophotometer
Model/Type Miran 1A & 1B
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
1 ppm@12.4 µm
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA

50 ppm (300 mg/m³)

REL-TWA

10 ppm (60 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA
 

0.005 ppm [2014]

PEL-TWA
 

10 ppm (60 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation

N

Skin notation
 

Y

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

CARCINOGEN (Ca): REDUCE EXPOSURE TO LOWEST FEASIBLE CONCENTRATION. See Appendix A, NIOSH Potential Occupational Carcinogens.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

100 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-2A, NIOSH-Ca, TLV-A2, NTP-R, EPA-L Notes:
 

Ca

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - 1,2,3-Trichloropropane

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - 1,2,3-Trichloropropane

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - 1,2,3-Trichloropropane. See annual publication for most recent information.

Last Updated Date : 12/19/2018