PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE†

Chemical Identification
CAS # 85-44-9
Formula
 

C₈H₄O₃

Synonyms
 

1,2-benzenedicarboxylic anhydride; 1,3, dioxophthalan; 1,3 isobenzoflurandione; PAN; phthalic acid anhydride

Physical Properties
Physical description A colorless to white lustrous solid in the form of needles with a mild distinctive odor.
Boiling point 563°F Molecular weight 148.12
Freezing point/melting point 267.4°F Vapor pressure 0.0015 mmHg
Flash point 305°F Vapor density 5.1
Specific gravity 1.53 at 68°F Ionization potential 10.00 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 1.7% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 10.5%
NFPA health rating 2 NFPA fire rating 1
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 2110
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media GFFs coated with veratrylamine (3,4-dimethoxybenzylamine) and di-n-octyl phthalate [SLTC100]
Sampling time*
 

75 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*
 

75 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 

1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Analytical method instruments HPLC
Method reference OSHA 90 (fully validated)
Notes
 

Store filters under refrigeration and use within 1 month. Small interfering peaks start appearing after that time.

Special requirements
 

These media are prepared by SLTC as needed and are not available for immediate shipment. Please allow time for SLTC to prepare these media prior to sampling.

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

2 ppm (12 mg/m³)

REL-TWA
 

1 ppm (6 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA
 

0.002 mg/m³ (inhalable fraction and vapor) [2016]

PEL-TWA
 

1 ppm (6 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

0.005 mg/m³ (inhalable fraction and vapor) [2016]

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

Y

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

dermal sensitizer (DSEN), respiratory sensitizer (RSEN)

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

60 mg/m³

Carcinogenic classifications: TLV-A4 Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Last Updated Date : 01/29/2021