TURPENTINE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 8006-64-2; 9005-90-7
Formula

C₁₀H₁₆ (approx)

Synonyms

gumspirits; gum turpentine; spirits of turpentine; steam distilled turpentine; sulfate wood turpentine; turps; wood turpentine

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless liquid with a characteristic odor.
Boiling point 302-320°F Molecular weight 136
Freezing point/melting point -76-(-)58°F Vapor pressure 4 mmHg
Flash point 95°F Vapor density
Specific gravity 0.86 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 0.8% Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating 1 NFPA fire rating 3
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 2540
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media CSC tube (100/50 mg) [SKC 226-01]
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*

1-10 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

0.01-0.2 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference NIOSH 1551 (fully validated)
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Infrared spectrophotometer
Model/Type Miran 1A & 1B
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
0.2 ppm@3.4 µm
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA

100 ppm (560 mg/m³)

REL-TWA

100 ppm (560 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA

20 ppm [2001]

PEL-TWA

100 ppm (560 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL PEL-STEL
PEL-C REL-C TLV-C PEL-C
Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Notes:

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1

Notes: Notes:

dermal sensitization (DSEN)

Notes:
Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH

800 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: TLV-A4 Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Turpentine

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Turpentine

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Turpentine [8006-64-2] and selected monoterpenes [80-56-8; 127-91-3; 13466-78-9]. See annual publication for most recent information.

Last Updated Date : 01/29/2021