NITROETHANE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 79-24-3
Formula

C₂H₅NO₂

Synonyms
 

 

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless, oily liquid with a mild, fruity odor.
Boiling point 239°F Molecular weight 75.07
Freezing point/melting point -130°F Vapor pressure 21 mmHg at 77°F
Flash point 106°F Vapor density
Specific gravity 1.05 Ionization potential 10.88 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 3.4% Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating 2 NFPA fire rating 3
NFPA reactivity rating 3 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 1880
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media XAD-2 tubes, 600 mg + 300 mg [SKC 226-3002A]
Sampling time*
 

 

Sampling volume (TWA)*
 

1.5-3 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 

0.01-0.05 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference NIOSH 2526 (fully validated)
Notes
 

 

Special requirements
 

 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Infrared spectrophotometer
Model/Type Miran 1A & 1B
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
2.1 ppm@9 µm
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

100 ppm (310 mg/m³)

REL-TWA
 

100 ppm (310 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA
 

100 ppm [1979]

PEL-TWA
 

100 ppm (310 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

1000 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: Not listed Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Nitroethane

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Nitroethane

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Nitroethane. See annual publication for most recent information.

Last Updated Date : 01/05/2021