1,1,2-TRICHLORO-1,2,2-TRIFLUOROETHANE (FREON 113)†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 76-13-1
Formula

C₂F₃Cl₃

Synonyms

Chlorofluorocarbon-113; CFC-113; Freon113; Genetron113; Halocarbon 113; Refrigerant 113; TTE

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless to water-white liquid with an odor like carbon tetrachloride at high concentrations.
Boiling point 118°F Molecular weight 187.4
Freezing point/melting point -33.5°F Vapor pressure 285 mmHg
Flash point Vapor density
Specific gravity 1.56 Ionization potential 11.99 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating NFPA fire rating
NFPA reactivity rating NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 2485
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media 2 Anasorb CMS tubes in series (150/75 mg) [no longer available]
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*

1L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

0.05 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*

0.75 L

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*

0.05 L/min

Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference OSHA 113 (fully validated)
Notes

This media is no longer available. OSHA staff please contact the SLTC prior to sampling at (801) 233-4900.

Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA

1000 ppm (7600 mg/m³)

REL-TWA

1000 ppm (7600 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA

1000 ppm [1992]

PEL-TWA
 

1000 ppm (7600 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL

1250 ppm (9500 mg/m³)

TLV-STEL

1250 ppm [1992]

PEL-STEL
 

1250 ppm (9500 mg/m³)

PEL-C REL-C TLV-C PEL-C
 

2000 ppm

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes: Notes: Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

2000 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: TLV-A4 Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - 1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - 1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - 1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • U.S. EPA Integrated Risk Information System: 1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113) (CASRN 76-13-1).
  • Clark, M.A., Jones, J.W., Robinson, J.J. and Lord, J.T.: Multiple deaths resulting from shipboard exposure to trichlorotrifluoroethane. J. Forensic Sci. 30(4): 1256-1259, 1985.
  • Kaufman, J.D., Silverstein, M.A. and Moure-Eraso, R.: Atrial fibrillation and sudden death related to occupational solvent exposure. Am. J. Ind. Med. 25(5): 731-735, 1994.
  • May, D.C. and Blotzer, M.J.: A report of occupational deaths attributed to fluorocarbon-113. Arch. Environ. Health 39(5): 352-354, 1984.
  • McGee, M.B., Meyer, R.F. and Jejurikar, S.G.: A death resulting from trichlorotrifluoroethane poisoning. J. Forensic Sci. 35(6): 1453-1460, 1990.
  • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): 1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-Trifluoroethane. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 2. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 2263-2265.
  • Trochimowicz, H.J., Gusch, G.M., Chiu, T. and Wood, C.K.: Chronic inhalation toxicity/carcinogenicity study in rats exposed to fluorocarbon 113 (FC-113). Fundam. Appl. Toxicol. 11(1): 68-75, 1988.
  • Woollen, B.H., et al.: Human inhalation pharmacokinetics of 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (FC113). Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 62(1): 73-78, 1990.

Last Updated Date : 12/14/2020