ETHYL CHLORIDE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 75-00-3
Formula

C₂H₅Cl

Synonyms

chloroethane; hydrochloric ether; monochloroethane; muriatic ether

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless gas or liquid (below 54°F) with a pungent, ether-like odor.
Boiling point 54°F Molecular weight 64.5
Freezing point/melting point -218°F Vapor pressure 1000 mmHg
Flash point -58°F (liquid) Vapor density 2.23
Specific gravity 0.92 (liquid at 32°F) Ionization potential 10.97 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 3.8% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 15.4%
NFPA health rating 2 NFPA fire rating 4
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 1110
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media 2 CSC tubes in series (400/200 mg) [SKC 226-09]
Sampling time*
 

 

Sampling volume (TWA)*
 

0.3-3 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 

0.02-0.05 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference NIOSH 2519 (fully validated)
Notes
 

Separate front and back tubes before shipping

Special requirements
 

 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Detector tube Infrared spectrophotometer Infrared spectrophotometer
Model/Type Gastec 138 Miran 1A & 1B Miran 103
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
250-10000 ppm range 1.3@10.6 µm 0-2000 ppm@12.82 µm
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

1000 ppm (2600 mg/m³)

REL-TWA
 

 

TLV-TWA
 

100 ppm [1992]

PEL-TWA
 

100 ppm (264 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

Y

Skin notation
 

Y

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

See Appendix D - Substances with No Established RELs.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

3800 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-3, TLV-A3 Notes:
 

10% of LEL

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Ethyl chloride

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Ethyl chloride

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Ethyl chloride. See annual publication for most recent information.

Last Updated Date : 12/28/2020