1-CHLORO-1-NITROPROPANE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 600-25-9
Formula
 

C₃H₆ClNO₂

Synonyms
 

Korax; Lanstan

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless liquid with an unpleasant odor.
Boiling point 289°F Molecular weight 123.6
Freezing point/melting point Vapor pressure 6 mmHg
Flash point 144°F (open cup) Vapor density 4.26
Specific gravity 1.21 Ionization potential 9.90 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating 3 NFPA fire rating 2
NFPA reactivity rating 3 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 0660
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Chromosorb 108® (400/200 mg)
Sampling time*
 

 

Sampling volume (TWA)*
 

12 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 

0.2 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference NIOSH S211 (fully validated)
Notes
 

OSHA staff - please contact the SLTC before sampling at (801) 233-4900.

Special requirements
 

Chromosorb® 108 resin must be washed with methylene chloride and ethyl acetate before use. 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Infrared spectrophotometer Infrared spectrophotometer
Model/Type Miran 1A & 1B Miran 103
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
1.6 ppm@12.4 µm 0-100 ppm@12.4 µm
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

20 ppm(100 mg/m³)

REL-TWA
 

2 ppm (10 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA
 

2 ppm [1971]

PEL-TWA
 

2 ppm (10 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

100 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: Not listed Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - 1-Chloro-1-nitropropane

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - 1-Chloro-1-nitropropane

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - 1-Chloro-1-nitropropane. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 81-123, (1981, January). Provides a table of contents of guidelines for many hazardous chemicals. The files provide technical chemical information, including chemical and physical properties, health effects, exposure limits, and recommendations for medical monitoring, personal protective equipment (PPE), and control procedures.

Last Updated Date : 12/15/2020