1,1-DICHLORO-1-NITROETHANE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 594-72-9
Formula

C₂H₃Cl₂NO₂

Synonyms

dichloronitroethane

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless liquid with an unpleasant odor.
Boiling point 255°F Molecular weight 143.9
Freezing point/melting point Vapor pressure 15 mmHg
Flash point 168°F Vapor density
Specific gravity 1.43 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating 3 NFPA fire rating 2
NFPA reactivity rating 3 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 0890
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Anasorb 747 (140/70 mg) [SKC 226-81A]
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*

1.5-15 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

0.01-1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference NIOSH 1601 (fully validated)
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Infrared spectrophotometer Infrared spectrophotometer
Model/Type Miran 1A & 1B Miran 103
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
0.3 ppm@11.2 µm 0-25 ppm@9.1 µm
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA REL-TWA

2 ppm (10 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA

2 ppm [1978]

PEL-TWA

2 ppm (10 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL PEL-STEL
PEL-C

10 ppm (60 mg/m³)

REL-C TLV-C PEL-C
Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Notes:

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes: Notes: Notes:
Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH

25 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: Not listed Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - 1,1-Dichloro-1-nitroethane

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - 1,1-Dichloro-1-nitroethane

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - 1,1-Dichloro-1-nitroethane. See annual publication for most recent information.

Last Updated Date : 12/14/2020