PHOSPHORUS PENTASULFIDE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 1314-80-3
Formula
 

P₄S₁₀

Synonyms
 

phosphorus persulfide; phosphorus sulfide; sulfur phosphide

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Greenish-gray to yellow, crystalline solid with an odor of rotten eggs.
Boiling point 957°F Molecular weight 222.3
Freezing point/melting point 527°F Vapor pressure 1 mmHg at 572°F
Flash point Vapor density
Specific gravity 2.03 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating 2 NFPA fire rating 1
NFPA reactivity rating 2 NFPA special instruction W: Reacts violently or explosively with water.
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 2092
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Low-ash 37 mm PVC filter, 5 microns [SKC 225-802]
Sampling time*
 

 

Sampling volume (TWA)*
 

120-960 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 

2 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

30 L

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

2 L/min

Analytical method instruments IC
Method reference OSHA ID-128SG (partially validated)
Notes
 

Submit as a separate sample.

Special requirements
 

 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

Wipe with Whatman smear tab. [WHA1450993]

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

1 mg/m³

REL-TWA
 

1 mg/m³

TLV-TWA
 

1 mg/m³ [1992]

PEL-TWA
 

1 mg/m³

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

3 mg/m³

TLV-STEL
 

3 mg/m³ [1992]

PEL-STEL
 

3 mg/m³

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

250 mg/m³

Carcinogenic classifications: Not listed Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Phosphorus pentasulfide, free from yellow and white phosphorus

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Phosphorus pentasulfide

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Phosphorus pentasulfide. See annual publication for most recent information.

Last Updated Date : 01/08/2021