||Safety and Health Topics:
Synonyms: 2-Diethylaminoethyl alcohol; N,N-Diethylethanolamine; Diethyl-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; 2-Diethylaminoethanol; Diethylaminoethanol; 2-Hydroxytriethylamine
OSHA IMIS Code Number: 0920
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 100-37-8
NIOSH, Registry of Toxic Effects (RTECS) Identification Number: KK5075000
Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: 2686 132
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, 2-Diethylaminoethanol: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more
OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) for General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1000 Z-1 Table -- 10 ppm, 50 mg/m3 TWA; Skin
OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) for Construction Industry: 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A -- 10 ppm, 50 mg/m3 TWA; Skin
OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) for Maritime: 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards -- 10 ppm, 50 mg/m3 TWA
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 2 ppm, 9.6 mg/m3 TWA; Skin
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 10 ppm, 50 mg/m3 TWA; Skin
NIOSH Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Concentration (IDLH): 100 ppm
Monitoring Methods used by OSHA
Potential symptoms: Nausea, vomiting; respiratory, skin, and eye irritation; blurred vision; cough, sore throat; dizziness; wheezing, shortness of breath, feeling of chest tightness, pulmonary edema; dermatitis; INGES ACUTE: Abdominal pain; diarrhea.
Health Effects: Irritation-Eye, Nose, Throat, Skin---Marked (HE14); Respiratory sensitization (HE9).
Affected organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system
Note: Large-scale occupational exposures have occurred when boiler steam containing this chemical as a corrosion inhibitor was released into the workplace.
Date Last Revised: 06/01/2004
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: 2-Diethylaminoethanol.
- International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO): 2-Diethylaminoethanol.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Workplace exposures to corrosion-inhibiting chemicals from a steam humidification system - Ohio, 1988. MMWR (Morb. Mortal. Wkly Rep.) 39(47): 863-865, 1990.
- Gadon, M.E., Melius, J.M., McDonald, G.J. and Orgel, D.: New-onset asthma after exposure to the steam system additive 2-diethylaminoethanol. J. Occup. Med. 36(6): 623-626, 1994.
- Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Diethylaminoethanol. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 1. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 865-867.
Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method:
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sampling media: Silica Gel Tube (300/150 mg sections, 45/60 mesh, See Note)
analytical solvent: 0.2N HCl in (4:1) Methanol:Water
maximum volume: 24 Liters maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
current analytical method: Gas chromatography; GC/FID
method reference: OSHA Modified NIOSH Analytical Method (NIOSH 2007)
method classification: Partially Validated
note: Immediately after sampling, transfer each section of the tube to separate vials containing 2 mL desorbing solvent, 0.2 N HCl in methanol:water (4:1). OSHA personnel may obtain vials containing solvent from SLTC.
On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:
device: Detector Tube
sampling information: 1 stroke
upper measurement limit: 12 ppm
detection limit: 0.12 ppm
overall uncertainty: 16% for 0.6 to 2.4 ppm, 8% for 2.4 to 12 ppm
method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)