Concrete and Concrete Products - Manufacturing and Construction
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Industry Segments and Controlling Hazards
This section identifies some of the major industry segments involved in the manufacturing of concrete and concrete products, and in
construction work with concrete. It also lists some of the leading workplace hazards for these industries and links to safety and health
resources for controlling these hazards.
Concrete Block and Brick Manufacturing (NAICS 327331)
Concrete Pipe Manufacturing (NAICS 327332)
Ready-Mixed Concrete Manufacturing (NAICS 327320)
General Hazard Resources
- Profile: Concrete and Concrete Products.
OSHA Industry Profile. Also available as a 1 MB PDF, 11 pages.
Includes BLS accident rates, OSHA inspection data, and other information for SIC Code 327.
Manufacturing Pocket Guide. OSHA Publication
3221, (2004). Also available as a 253 KB PDF, 15
and Masonry Construction. OSHA Publication
3106, (1998). Also available as a 415 KB PDF, 32
Hazards Associated with Strand Restraint Devices in Manufacturing Prestressed Concrete
Beams. OSHA Safety and Health Information Bulletin (SHIB), (2004, June 2). Also available as a 94 KB
PDF, 4 pages.
Precast Concrete Panels-Hazardous Storage. OSHA Safety and Health Information
Bulletin (SHIB), (2004, February 10). Also available as a 38 KB
PDF, 4 pages.
- Construction. OSHA
Spanish version is also available. Construction can be a safe occupation
when workers are aware of the hazards and an effective Safety and Health
Program is used. This eTool contains information that helps workers identify
and control the hazards that cause the most serious construction-related injuries.
Awareness. OSHA elaws. Designed to help general industry employers and
workers identify possible safety and health hazards in their workplace, and to
direct users to OSHA standards addressing those hazards.
Comprehensive Safety Recommendations for the Precast Concrete Products Industry.
US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 84-103, (1984, June).
- Construction Industry Safety and Health Outreach Program. OSHA, (1996, May).
Concrete and Masonry Construction. Describes the requirements with which
construction employers must comply to protect workers from accidents and injuries
resulting from the premature removal of formwork, the failure to brace masonry
walls, the failure to support precast panels, the inadvertent operation of
equipment, and the failure to guard reinforcing steel.
- Permit-Required Confined Spaces. OSHA Publication 3138-01R, (2004).
Also available as a 486 KB PDF, 22 pages.
Provides a general overview of procedures for protecting workers from the hazards of confined spaces using permit-required entry plans.
- Worker Deaths in Confined Spaces.
US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Publication No. 94-103, (1994, January). Contains summary data and investigative reports of fatal
incidents involving workers who entered confined spaces.
- Preventing Occupational Fatalities in Confined Spaces.
US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No.
86-110, (1986, January). Describes several fatal confined spaces incidents and makes recommendations for
preventing similar events.
- Investigations of Fatal Confined Space Incidents.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report:
NIOSH FACE Reports and
- For additional information, see OSHA's Confined Spaces Safety and Health Topics Page.
Dermal (Skin) Hazards
Preventing Skin Problems from Working with Portland Cement. OSHA Guidance
Document, (2008). Employees may suffer
dermal hazards in working with wet cement such as cement burns (due to its caustic nature) and
inflammation of the skin (either due to irritant or allergic contact dermatitis). This guidance
addresses ways to prevent or minimize skin problems through the proper selection and use of
gloves, boots and other personal protective equipment such as kneepads; proper skin care and work
practices such as use of pH neutral or slightly acidic soaps; and ways of making cement products
- An Employer's Guide to Skin Protection. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety & Health (elcosh), (2000).
Provides guidance for employers to prevent skin problems in employees who work with wet cement products.
- A Safety & Health Practitioner's Guide to Skin Protection. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety &
Health (elcosh), (2000). Provides a detailed reference on dermal exposure related to cement products.
Save Your Skin Toolbox Talk. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety & Health (elcosh), (1999).
Toolbox session on the causes and prevention of skin problems from Portland cement products.
- For additional information, see OSHA's Dermal Exposure Safety and Health Topics Page.
- Controlling Electrical Hazards. OSHA Publication 3075, (2002).
Also available as a 349 KB PDF, 71 pages.
Provides an overview of basic electrical safety on the job.
Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout). OSHA Publication 3120, (2002).
Also available as a
178 KB PDF,
45 pages. Presents OSHA's general requirements for controlling hazardous energy during service or maintenance
of machines and equipment.
- For additional information, see the following OSHA Safety and Health Topics Pages:
Silica and Other Hazardous Substances
Crystalline Silica Exposure. OSHA Publication 3176, (2002).
Also available as a 37 KB PDF, 2 pages.
Contains a concise description of crystalline silica, the hazards associated with
it, and what workers can do to prevent developing silicosis as a result of exposure to it.
- Hazard Communication Guidelines for Compliance. OSHA Publication 3111, (2000).
Also available as a 115 KB PDF, 33 pages.
Contains a generic survey of OSHA requirements for hazard communication in the workplace.
- A Guide to Working Safely with Silica
[213 KB PDF, 21 pages]. National
Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), (1997, January 31).
Provides information about the health hazards of silica and suggests ways to prevent silicosis.
The Campaign to End Silicosis. OSHA Job Safety & Health Quarterly (JSHQ), (1997).
Silica. OSHA eTool. Includes current information that
will assist businesses and workers in identifying potential silica hazards in their
workplaces by choosing appropriate sampling and analytical techniques,
comparing monitoring results with the silica exposure limits, and selecting
appropriate short and long-term control options. Includes an
Advisor Genius which performs calculations for a
respirable dust sample.
- For additional information, see OSHA's Silica, Crystalline Safety and Health Topics Page.
- Personal Protective Equipment. OSHA Publication 3151-12R, (2003).
Also available as a 629 KB PDF, 46 pages.
Helps both employers and employees learn the basics of conducting a "hazard assessment" of the workplace, select
appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and know how to properly use it.
- Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Workers from Amputations.
OSHA Publication 3170, (2001). Also available as a 1 MB
60 pages. Provides a generic overview of standards-related topics and information to help identify and manage common amputation
hazards associated with operating stationary equipment.
- Concepts and Techniques of Machine Safeguarding.
OSHA Publication 3067, (1992). Covers nearly all aspects of machine guarding, and includes chapters on safeguarding, guard construction,
machinery maintenance and repair, and an evaluation checklist.
- For additional information, see OSHA's Machine Guarding Safety and Health Topics Page.
- Ready Mixed Concrete Truck Drivers: Work-Related Hazards and Recommendations for Controls.
Electronic Library of Construction Safety & Health (elcosh), Center for Construction Research and Training (CPWR). Consists
of a hazard assessment of truck drivers in the industry and a summary of
identified work-related hazards and safety recommendations.
- Chipping out the Drum: Safe Work Practices. Georgia Tech Research Corporation. Produced under
OSHA Susan Harwood Training Grant number 46D3-HT02. Training materials for workers who chip out hardened concrete from the interior
of mixer drums on concrete trucks.
Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Cooperative and State Programs at 202-693-2200 for assistance accessing PDF materials.
*These files are provided for downloading.