Back to USPS/APWU AFL-CIO/NPMHU
It is the responsibility of management to provide safe working conditions in all
present and future installations and to develop a safe working force, and for
the Unions to cooperate with and assist management to live up to this
responsibility. The United States Postal Service (USPS), National Postal Mail
Handlers Union (NPMHU), and American Postal Workers Union, AFL-CIO (APWU)
recognize the importance of reducing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). It is
agreed that entering into an Ergonomic Strategic Partnership (ESP) process with
the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the United States
Postal Service, National Postal Mail Handlers Union, and the American Postal
Workers Union, AFL-CIO will enhance ergonomic controls at USPS facilities.
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
The USPS, NPMHU, APWU, and OSHA will work cooperatively to implement an ongoing
process to identify MSDs early, and control the risk factors that can cause
injuries and illnesses to postal employees. To accomplish this will require
management, unions, and OSHA to have meaningful involvement and participation in
the process. Under the direction of the national USPS/NPMHU Joint
Labor-Management Safety Committee and the USPS/APWU Joint Labor-Management
Ergonomic Committee, the Unions at the national level will evaluate and make
recommendations on all aspects of the ESP process to include program adequacy,
field implementation, training and unsafe conditions.
Specifically, the ESP process is designed to accomplish the following goals at
participating USPS worksites:
- Improve the safety and health environment so that OSHA, USPS, NPMHU, and APWU
can work together to reduce MSDs.
- Identify tasks and conditions where MSD incidents occur and develop and
implement ergonomic control processes to reduce or eliminate MSD incidents.
- Train USPS local managers, supervisors, NPMHU and APWU representatives, and
the local Joint Labor-Management Safety and Health Committees to ensure
comprehension of ergonomic risks and control processes.
- Reduce the number of MSD related incidents thereby reducing the number of
days away from work for both lost workday and restricted duty cases associated
with MSD incidents.
- Develop and evaluate best proven practices to be implemented in other postal
facilities with similar ergonomic issues. Share best proven practices with
applicable USPS operations with similar ergonomic issues.
- Train local employees as appropriate to participate in the ergonomic risk
STRATEGIES FOR ATTAINING GOALS
USPS, NPMHU, APWU and OSHA will work in concert employing the following
strategies to achieve the aforementioned goals:
- Establish a national Ergonomic Work Group (EWG) consisting of USPS, NPMHU,
APWU and OSHA representatives to ensure the consistent implementation and
evaluation of the ESP process.
- To the extent possible, identify one or more sites in each of OSHA’s 10
regions covering USPS’s 9 areas to participate in the ESP process. The goal in
calendar year 2003 is to start an ergonomics process in 30 sites.
The process will be tested in 10 sites to start. Expansion to additional sites
will be discussed and recommendations made by the USPS/APWU Joint
Labor-Management Ergonomic Committee and the national Joint USPS/NPMHU
Labor-Management Safety Committee. OSHA representative(s) may attend this
- As resources allow, OSHA will assist in the implementation of the ESP process
through a variety of means including:
- Technical ergonomic assistance
- On-site support to ensure continued success of ESP process efforts
- Participation in joint safety and health committee meetings
- Participation in training
- Identification of mentoring resources
- Participation on the Ergonomic Work Group
- Participating sites through their respective local Joint Labor-Management
Safety and Health Committees will identify and prioritize work activities for
the development and implementation of ergonomic control processes to include:
- Management Leadership
- NPMHU and APWU Representative/Employee Participation
- Job Hazard Analysis
- Hazard Prevention and Control
- Program Evaluation
- USPS, NPMHU (National USPS/NPMHU Joint Labor-Management Safety Committee),
and APWU (National USPS/APWU Joint Labor-Management Ergonomic Committee) will
identify and make available best proven practices to be shared with other Postal
Service facilities with similar risk in a timely manner.
- USPS, APWU, and NPMHU will provide OSHA with best practices that have
universal application. OSHA may share such information with like industries.
OSHA will offer the following incentives for USPS worksites participating in the
- As resources allow, provide priority on-site ergonomic technical assistance
to assist and advise on specific issues.
- Maximum allowable penalty reductions for ergonomic and other violations
abated in a timely manner, as allowed by OSHA’s Field Inspection Reference
- Six month deferral in programmed inspections at partnering sites from the
date of the partnership, as provided by OSHA’s Site Specific Targeting (SST) or
other targeting programs.
- Twelve month deferral from OSHA programmed inspections for sites that undergo
an OSHA onsite verification inspection, provided the site implements the
ergonomic control methods in good faith. Refer to Section VII (Verification).
- Opportunities to identify mentors from VPP sites that have effective
- OSHA recognition for partnership activities and successes.
ESP PROCESS OVERSIGHT
- A national Ergonomic Work Group (EWG) will be formed to facilitate the
implementation and management of the ESP process.
- The EWG will, at a minimum, include up to the number of representatives from
each of the following organizations/offices as identified below:
- USPS National Office six
- NPMHU National Office three
- APWU National Office three
- OSHA three
- The EWG will be responsible for:
- Monitoring the ESP process and resolving issues
- Determining the appropriate ESP process measurements
- Receiving and evaluating ESP process data from participating sites.
- Preparing a written annual evaluation of the ESP process
- The EWG will meet at least semi-annually. The first meeting will be held
within 60 days of agreement signing. In addition, conference calls may be held
as necessary, but at least quarterly.
- Teams will be established for each participating site to facilitate the
progress of the ESP process, to provide an onsite presence at the initial site
implementation, as well as enhance communication between the USPS, NPMHU, APWU,
and OSHA at the local and national levels.
The teams will consist of the following:
- OSHA regional or area office staff representative(s)
- A national representative from each Union
- USPS national representative
MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION SYSTEM
The EWG will develop and implement appropriate procedures to measure the
progress of the ESP process in terms of meeting its goals. At a minimum,
baseline data will be developed and the following will be evaluated:
These factors and other appropriate information will be provided by the USPS and
presented at the semi-annual EWG meetings for review and comment. In addition,
the EWG will prepare annual ESP process evaluations. The annual evaluations will
be subject to review and discussion by EWG representatives prior to their
- Measures of MSD injury/illness cases at participating sites
- Extent of local joint safety and health committee participation in the ESP process
- To the extent possible, employees’ perceptions of the ESP process’ impact on worker safety and health
- Measures of incidence and severity criteria (in comparison with the baseline numbers)
- Number of managers and employees trained
- Number of best practices shared
- Number of tasks reviewed and correction(s) implemented
Verification of good faith by the participants will be effected through both off-site and on-site methods.
On-site verification visits will be conducted in accordance with OSHA’s Training
and Education Directive (TED) 8.01, OSHA Strategic Partnership Program.
- Data compiled and reviewed semi-annually by the EWG will be the basis for off-site verification.
- On-site verification will involve on-site evaluations performed by the EWG or
their representatives. At least two onsite evaluations will be conducted jointly
each year. OSHA will conduct at least two independent on-site ESP process evaluations.
Nothing in this agreement shall be construed to preclude bargaining unit
employees from exercising any right provided under the OSH Act, nor does it
eliminate their responsibility to comply with any provision of the Act, or any
standard or regulation promulgated pursuant to the Act.
This ESP agreement does not supersede or modify the current National Agreements
and supplements thereto between the US Postal Service and the Unions.
Participating USPS sites will remain subject to OSHA enforcement inspections and
sanctions except as specified under Section IV (Incentives) of this agreement.
OSHA will give appropriate consideration to any USPS sites that have implemented
effective ergonomic processes or that are making good faith efforts to reduce
TERM OF AGREEMENT
This agreement will be in effect for a period of three (3) years from the date
of signing. The agreement may be renewed by mutual agreement of all parties.
Any party to this agreement may, with 30 day written notice to the other
parties, withdraw from the partnership.