Lumber and Building Material Dealer Industry
The lumber and building material dealer industry provides goods and services
to home building and professional contractors. General safety and health issues exist in the
industry including recordkeeping, ergonomic stress, warehousing, powered industrial truck safety and
This page was developed as a product of OSHA's former Alliance with the National Lumber and
Building Material Dealers Association (NLBMDA).
The lumber and building material dealer industry is not addressed in specific standards.
This section highlights OSHA standards,
directives (instructions for compliance officers), and standard interpretations
(official letters of interpretation of the standards) related to the lumber and
building material dealer industry.
Note: Twenty-five states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have OSHA-approved State Plans and have adopted their own standards and enforcement policies. For the most part, these States adopt standards that are identical to Federal OSHA. However, some States have adopted different standards applicable to this topic or may have different enforcement policies.
Frequently Cited Standards
The following standards, in order, were the most frequently cited by Federal OSHA during October 2011 through September 2012, in
Lumber and Other Building Materials Dealers
Industry Group (SIC code 5211).
Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use
Powered industrial trucks [related topic page]
- 1910.303, General
- 1910.37, Maintenance, safeguards, and operational features for exit routes
Hazard communication [related topic page]
General requirements (Walking/working surfaces) [related topic page]
- 1910.176, Handling materials - general
- 1910.213, Woodworking machinery requirements [related topic page]
- 1904.29, Forms [related topic page]
Guarding floor and wall openings and holes
Other Highlighted Standards
Highlighted Standards for Delivery to Construction Sites
The following are highlighted OSHA construction standards that may apply to delivery of materials to construction sites.
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
- 1910 Subpart
B, Adoption and extension of established federal standards
- 1926 Subpart D, Occupational health and environmental controls
Retention of DOT markings, placards and labels
Subpart G, Signs, signals, and barricades
[related topic page]
Subpart H, Materials handling, storage, use, and disposal
Rigging equipment for material handling
Subpart N, Helicopters, hoists, elevators, and conveyors [related topic page]
Subpart O, Motor vehicles, mechanized equipment, and marine operations
Hazards and Solutions
The following is a list of references regarding hazards and possible solutions common to
lumber and building material dealer industries.
Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts)
Lumber and building material dealers are often involved in
the delivery of products to construction sites which may include unloading
materials using a forklift. Therefore, it is important for these operators to
receive training on the safe operation of forklifts at construction sites.
Manual Lifting/Material Handling
Customer Assistance (including cutting to size)
OSHA eTool. Focuses on recognizing and controlling common amputation hazards associated with the operation and use of
certain types of machines.
Certificate in OSHA Compliance - Machine Guarding.
National Safety Council (NSC). Covers OSHA's Machinery and Machine Guarding regulation
29 CFR 1910 Subpart O, (29 CFR 1910.211 - 1910.219), reviews basic concepts, principles and methods of machine guarding,
common causes of machine incidents and how to avoid them.
- Amputations [153 KB PDF*, 2 pages]. OSHA Fact Sheet, (2002). Covers what, where, and how to avoid amputations.
- Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Workers from Amputations. OSHA Publication 3170-02R, (2007). Also available as a 578 KB PDF, 60 pages. Helps the small business employer identify and manage common amputation hazards associated with operating and using stationary equipment.
Guide for Protecting Workers from Woodworking Hazards. OSHA Publication 3157, (1999). Also available as a 543 KB
PDF, 74 pages.
- For additional information, see OSHA's Machine
Guarding Safety and Health Topics Page.
- Hazard Communication Guidelines for Compliance. OSHA Publication 3111, (2000). Also available as a 112 KB PDF,
33 pages. Addresses the issues of evaluating and communicating chemical hazard information to workers.
- For additional information, see OSHA's Safety and Health Topics Pages on:
Disorders and Workplace Factors: A Critical Review of Epidemiologic Evidence for Work-Related Musculoskeletal
Disorders of the Neck, Upper Extremity, and Low Back. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS),
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-141, (1997,
July). Provides a
comprehensive compilation and review of epidemiologic research on the relation between work-related
musculoskeletal disorders of the neck, upper extremity, and low back and exposure to physical factors at work,
and includes a bibliography and tables summarizing the literature.
- Ergonomics for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders: Guidelines for Retail Grocery Stores - Front End.
OSHA Publication 3192-06N, (2004). Also available as a 921 KB PDF, 29 pages. Identifies many of the hazards and solutions
that apply to the lumber and building material dealer industry, although it was developed for
- For additional information, see OSHA's Ergonomics
Safety and Health Topics Page.
Slips and Falls
Personal Protective Equipment
Evacuation Plans and Procedures
The implementation of a comprehensive safety and health program is an important
tool for creating both a safe and a profitable workplace. The following references were selected to assist
in developing a safety and health program for the lumber and building material dealer industry.
Small Business Handbook. OSHA Publication 2209-02R, (2005). Also available as a 587 KB
56 pages. Helps small business employers meet the legal
requirements imposed by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and achieve an
in-compliance status before an OSHA inspection.
- Asbestos and Small Business Ombudsman. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Serves as a conduit for small businesses to access EPA and
facilitates communications between the small business community and the
Agency. The Office reviews and resolves disputes with EPA and works with EPA
personnel to increase their understanding of small businesses in the
development and enforcement of environmental regulations.
Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.
*These files are provided for downloading.