29 CFR 1926.760
In steel erection, a new, very narrow working surface is constantly being
created as skeletal steel is erected at various heights. For many steel
erectors, especially connectors, the work starts at the top level of the
structure. This means that anchor points above foot level are often limited or
unavailable. The special circumstances of steel erection can make conventional
fall protection very difficult to deploy below 15 feet. For this reason, the
following requirements and exceptions in the the steel erection fall protection
standard (29 CFR 1926.760) have been made.
- Employees who are on a walking/working surface with an unprotected edge
more than 15 feet above a lower level must be protected by conventional fall
protection [29 CFR 1926.760(a)(1)].
Note: The perimeter safety cables protect the detail crew that follows the decking crew.
- While working at heights over 15 and up to 30 feet, connectors
must [29 CFR 1926.760(b)(3)]:
- be provided with a complete personal fall arrest system or other allowable fall protection, and
- wear the equipment necessary for tying off.
- A CDZ can be established
as a substitute for fall protection where
metal decking is initially being installed and forms the leading edge of a work area
over 15 and up to 30 feet
above a lower level [29 CFR 1926.760(c)].
- Leading-edge workers in a CDZ are required to:
- Employees who are not engaged in leading-edge work and properly trained in the hazards
involved are prohibited from entering the CDZ [29 CFR 1926.760(c)(2)]
and [29 CFR 1926.760(c)(4)].
- The CDZ is required to:
- have safety deck attachments placed from the leading edge back to the
control line [29 CFR 1926.760(c)(6)],
- have at least two safety deck attachments for each metal decking panel [29 CFR 1926.760(c)(6)].
- Final deck attachments and the installation of shear connectors are
prohibited from being done in the CDZ. [29 CFR 1926.760(c)(7)]
The steel erector may leave fall protection in place so it may be used by
other trades only if the controlling contractor [29 CFR 1926.760(e)]:
- has directed the steel erector to leave the fall protection in
place [29 CFR 1926.760(e)(1)], and
- has inspected and accepted control and responsibility of the fall
protection before authorizing other trades to work in the area [29 CFR 1926.760(e)(2)].