Healthcare Wide Hazards
Employee exposure to electrical hazards including electric shock, electrocutions fires, and explosions. Damaged electrical cords can
lead to possible shocks or electrocutions. A flexible electrical cord may be damaged by door or window edges, by staples and fastenings,
by equipment rolling over it, or simply by aging.
- Possible electrocution or electric shock or contact with electrical hazards from:
- Faulty electrical equipment/machinery or wiring.
- Damaged receptacles and connectors.
- Unsafe work practices.
Comply with OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S - Electrical. The standard is comprehensive and includes the following sections:
- Electrical equipment shall be free from recognized hazards [29 CFR 1910.303(b)(1)].
- Listed or labeled equipment shall be used or installed in accordance with any instructions included in the listing or labeling [29 CFR 1910.303(b)(2)].
- Sufficient access and working space shall be provided and maintained around all electric equipment to permit ready and safe operation and maintenance of such equipment [29 CFR 1910.303(g)(1)].
- Ensure that all electrical service near sources of water is properly grounded [29 CFR 1910.304(g)(6)(vi)].
- Tag out and remove from service all damaged receptacles and portable electrical equipment [29 CFR 1910.334(a)(2)(ii)].
- Repair all damaged receptacles and portable electrical equipment before placing them back into service [29 CFR 1910.334(a)(2)(ii)].
- Ensure that employees are trained not to plug or unplug energized equipment when their hands are wet [29 CFR 1910.334(a)(5)(i)].
- Use safeguards for personnel protection and electrical protective equipment [29 CFR 1910.335(b)].
- Select and use appropriate
work practices [1910.333].
- Follow requirements for Hazardous Classified Locations [29 CFR 1910.307].
- Employers should use ground-fault circuit interrupters (GFCI's) on all 120-volt, single-phase, and 15- and 20-ampere receptacles.
- Wear and tear on electrical equipment or tools can result in insulation breaks, short-circuits and exposed wires. If there is no ground-fault protection, these can cause a ground-fault that sends current through the worker's body, resulting in electrical burns, explosions, fire, or death.
- The ground-fault circuit interrupter, or GFCI, is a fast-acting circuit breaker designed to shut off electric power in the event of a ground-fault and prevent injury to the worker.
- Electrical. OSHA
Safety and Health Topics Page.
- 1910.305, Wiring methods, components, and equipment for
general use. OSHA Standard.
- 1910.333, Selection and use of work practices. OSHA Standard.
- 1910.335, Safeguards for personnel protection. OSHA Standard.
- Preventing Fatalities of Workers Who Contact Electrical Energy. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Alert, (1986).
of Electrocutions in Fast Food Restaurants. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Alert, (1984).
Safety-Related Work Practices--Inspection Procedures and Interpretation Guidelines. OSHA Directive STD 01-16-007, (1991, July 1).
Electrocutions Due to Damaged Receptacles and Connectors. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Alert Publication. No. 87-100, (1986, October).