The following references were used for
development of the eTool and may provide additional information on
the subject. New materials are continually being developed, therefore,
this should not be considered as an all-inclusive reference list.
Keyboards. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS),
National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-148, (1997). Also
available as a 471
PDF, 17 pages. The purpose of alternative keyboards. What the
difference is between alternative and regular keyboards. Information
on whether alternative keyboards prevent injuries. What to do
if you want to use an alternative keyboard. Ideas for preventing
Disorders (MSDs) and Workplace Factors. US Department of
Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute of
Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH) Publication
No. 97-141, (1997, July). Reviews epidemiologic evidence for work-related musculoskeletal disorders
of the neck, upper extremely, and low back. This second printing
incorporates a number of editorial changes, including grammar,
formatting, and consistency issues that were identified in the
first printing and are listed in the Note to the Reader.
Rests Breaks Reduce VDT Discomforts Without Impairing Productivity.
National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH),
(2000, May 22). Reports that short, strategically-spaced
rest breaks can reduce eyestrain and musculoskeletal discomfort
for VDT operators without decreasing productivity. These findings
were published in the May 2000 issue of the scientific journal,
American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE). Discusses ergonomic hazards and simple steps you can take
to avoid injury.
Ergonomics. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
(CCOHS). Covers topics from identifying ergonomic hazards to
purchasing and adjusting VDT workstation equipment.
Cornell University Ergonomics Web. Focuses on
ways to enhance usability by improving the ergonomic design of
hardware, software, and workplaces, to enhance people's comfort,
performance and health in an approach Cornell calls Ergotecture.
American Society of Safety Engineers Offers Ergonomic Tips for
Businesses, Home. American Society of Safety Engineers
(2002, March 28). Urges
everyone to implement an effective ergonomic system in an effort to reduce accidents
and injuries, and to increase safety, whether it be in a company office building or a
Easy Ergonomics for Desktop Computer Users. Department of
Industrial Relations, Cal/OSHA Consultation Service, Research and
Education Unit. Identifies common desktop computer work station
problems and explore some improvement goals.
The Keys to Healthy Computing: A Health and Safety Handbook. American Federation of State, County
and Municipal Employees (AFSCME). Describes describes
musculoskeletal disorders that affect computer operators and includes information on solutions to
health problems associated with computer use.
Ergonomic Resources - Office Ergonomics. Department of
Environmental Health & Safety, University of Minnesota. Presents
information on how to reduce specific ergonomic computer hazards
and contains an extensive product database.
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Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at
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