Scope and application -
Scope. This section applies to all fixed extinguishing systems, using a gas as the extinguishing
agent, installed to meet a particular OSHA standard. These systems shall also comply with 1910.160. In some cases, the gas may be in a liquid state
Application. The requirements of paragraphs (b)(2) and (b)(4) through (b)(6) shall apply only to
total flooding systems.
Agents used for initial supply and replenishment shall be of the type approved for the system's
application. Carbon dioxide obtained by dry ice conversion to liquid is not acceptable unless it is processed to remove excess water and
Except during overhaul, the employer shall assure that the designed concentration of gaseous agents
is maintained until the fire has been extinguished or is under control.
The employer shall assure that employees are not exposed to toxic levels of gaseous agent or its
The employer shall assure that the designed extinguishing concentration is reached within 30 seconds
of initial discharge except for Halon systems which must achieve design concentration within 10 seconds.
The employer shall provide a distinctive pre-discharge employee alarm capable of being perceived
above ambient light or noise levels when agent design concentrations exceed the maximum safe level for employee exposure. A pre-discharge employee
alarm for alerting employees before system discharge shall be provided on Halon 1211 and carbon dioxide systems with a design concentration of 4
percent or greater and for Halon 1301 systems with a design concentration of 10 percent or greater. The pre-discharge employee alarm shall provide
employees time to safely exit the discharge area prior to system discharge.
Where egress from an area cannot be accomplished within one minute, the employer shall not use
Halon 1301 in concentrations greater than 7 percent.
Where egress takes greater than 30 seconds but less than one minute, the employer shall not use
Halon 1301 in a concentration greater than 10 percent.
Halon 1301 concentrations greater than 10 percent are only permitted in areas not normally
occupied by employees provided that any employee in the area can escape within 30 seconds. The employer shall assure that no unprotected employees
enter the area during agent discharge.
[45 FR 60712, Sept. 12, 1980; 46 FR 24557, May 1, 1981]