The Division of Labor and Industry in the Department of Licensing and Regulation is the State agency
designated by the Governor to administer the plan throughout the State. The plan defines the covered occupational safety and health issues on the
basis of Major Groups in the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual of the Office of Management and Budget of the Executive Office of the
President. The Commissioner of the Division of Labor and industry promulgated the Federal standards existing as of February 2, 1973. These standards
were effective in Maryland as of March 8, 1973, and they will be enforced according to current State legislative authority prior to the effective date
of Maryland's enabling legislation, July 1, 1973. Maryland also intends to adopt those Federal standards applicable to ship repairing, ship building,
ship breaking and longshoring except where prohibited by exclusive Federal maritime jurisdiction. Subsequent revisions to Federal standards will be
considered by the State Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Board which will make recommendations on adoption of at least as effective standards
to the Commissioner within 6 months after Federal promulgation. Maryland also includes in its plan State boiler and elevator standards where
The plan included draft legislation which has been passed by the State legislature and signed by the
Governor. The legislation as enacted has been included as a supplement to the plan. Under the legislation, effective July 1, 1973, the Division of
Labor and Industry in the Department of Licensing and Regulation has full authority to enforce and administer laws respecting safety and health of
employees in all workplaces of the State, including coverage of public employees, with the exception of maritime workers in the areas of exclusive
Federal jurisdiction; employees of the United States; and employees whose working conditions are protected under enumerated Federal laws.
The legislation brings the plan into conformity with the requirements of 29 CFR Part 1902 in areas
such as procedures for granting or denying temporary and permanent variances to rules, regulations or standards by the Commissioner; protection of
employees from hazards including provision for medical examinations made available by the employer or at his cost; procedures for the development of
standards by the Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Board; promulgation of these standards as recommended by the Commissioner; promulgation of
emergency temporary standards by the Commissioner with referral to the Board to develop a permanent standard; procedures for prompt restraint or
elimination of imminent danger situations by issuance of a "red-tag" order with court review as well as by court injunction.
The legislation provides for inspections in response to complaints; gives employer and employee
representatives an opportunity to accompany inspectors in order to aid inspections; notification of employees or their representatives when no
compliance action is taken as a result of alleged violations, including informal review; protection of employees against discharge or discrimination
in terms and conditions of employment by filing complaints with the Commissioner who will seek court action; adequate safeguards to protect trade
secrets; provision for prompt notice to employers and employees of alleged violations of standards and abatement requirements through the issuance and
posting of citations; a system of sanctions against employers for violations of standards; employer right of review and employee participation in
review proceedings before the Commissioner with subsequent judicial review; and coverage of employees of the State and political subdivisions in a
separate program supervised by the Commissioner in accordance with the requirements described in the North Carolina decision (38 FR 3041).
Included in the plan is a statement of legal opinion that the law, which was supported by the Governor
in accordance with the requirements of Part 1902, meets the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and is consistent with the
Constitution and laws of Maryland. The plan sets out goals and provides a timetable for bringing it into full conformity with Part 1902 at the end of
three years after the commencement of operations under the plan. Personnel will be employed under the existing State merit system with the revisions
in qualifications as stated in supplements to the plan, and the voluntary compliance program for onsite consultation meets the conditions set forth in
the issues discussed in the Washington decision (38 FR 2421).
The plan includes the following documents as of the date of approval.
The plan document in two volumes.
Maryland Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1973, effective July 1, 1973.
"A Program for Control of Occupational Health Hazards in Maryland" by Johns Hopkins University
Department of Environmental Medicine.
Letters from the Division of Labor and Industry dated February 9, 1973; March 6, 1973; March 22,
1973; May 2, 1973 and May 21, 1973.
Maryland's Administrative Procedure Act Article 41 sections 244 et seq.
[38 FR 17837, July 5, 1973, as amended at 50 FR 21219, July 18, 1985]