General. All conductors and equipment shall be treated as energized until tested or otherwise
determined to be deenergized or until grounded.
New construction. New lines or equipment may be considered deenergized and worked as such
The lines or equipment are grounded, or
The hazard of induced voltages is not present, and adequate clearances or other means are
implemented to prevent contact with energized lines or equipment and the new lines or equipment.
Communication conductors. Bare wire communication conductors on power poles or structures shall be
treated as energized lines unless protected by insulating materials.
Voltage testing. Deenergized conductors and equipment which are to be grounded shall be tested for
voltage. Results of this voltage test shall determine the subsequent procedures as required in 1926.950(d).
When attaching grounds, the ground end shall be attached first, and the other end shall be attached
and removed by means of insulated tools or other suitable devices.
When removing grounds, the grounding device shall first be removed from the line or equipment using
insulating tools or other suitable devices.
Grounds shall be placed between work location and all sources of energy and as close as practicable to
the work location, or grounds shall be placed at the work location. If work is to be performed at more than one location in a line section, the line
section must be grounded and short circuited at one location in the line section and the conductor to be worked on shall be grounded at each work
location. The minimum distance shown in Table V-1 shall be maintained from ungrounded conductors at the work location. Where the making of a ground is
impracticable, or the conditions resulting therefrom would be more hazardous than working on the lines or equipment without grounding, the grounds may
be omitted and the line or equipment worked as energized.
Testing without grounds. Grounds may be temporarily removed only when necessary for test purposes and
extreme caution shall be exercised during the test procedures.
Grounding electrode. When grounding electrodes are utilized, such electrodes shall have a resistance to
ground low enough to remove the danger of harm to personnel or permit prompt operation of protective devices.
Grounding to tower. Grounding to tower shall be made with a tower clamp capable of conducting the
anticipated fault current.
Ground lead. A ground lead, to be attached to either a tower ground or driven ground, shall be capable
of conducting the anticipated fault current and shall have a minimum conductance of No. 2 AWG copper.