A contract for "construction" is one for nonpersonal service. See, e.g., 41 CFR 1-1.208. Section 2(e)
of the Service Contract Act of 1965 requires as a condition of every Federal contract (and bid specification therefor) exceeding $2,500, the
"principal purpose" of which is to furnish services to the United States through the use of "service employees," that certain safety and health
standards be met. See 29 CFR Part 1925, which contains the Department rules concerning these standards. Section 7 of the Service Contract Act provides
that the Act shall not apply to "any contract of the United States or District of Columbia for construction, alteration, and/or repair, including
painting and decorating of public buildings or public works." It is clear from the legislative history of section 107 that no gaps in coverage between
the two statutes are intended.
The Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act requires that contracts entered into by any Federal agency for
the manufacture or furnishing of materials, supplies, articles, and equipment in any amount exceeding $10,000 must contain, among other provisions, a
requirement that "no part of such contract will be performed nor will any of the materials, supplies, articles or equipment to be manufactured or
furnished under said contract be manufactured or fabricated in any plants, factories, buildings, or surroundings or under working conditions which are
unsanitary or hazardous or dangerous to the health and safety of employees engaged in the performance of said contract." The rules of the Secretary
concerning these standards are published in 41 CFR Part 50-204, and express the Secretary of Labor's interpretation and application of section 1(e) of
the Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act to certain particular working conditions. None of the described working conditions are intended to deal with
construction activities, although such activities may conceivably be a part of a contract which is subject to the Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act.
Nevertheless, such activities remain subject to the general statutory duty prescribed by section 1(e). Section 103(b) of the Contract Work Hours and
Safety Standards Act provides, among other things, that the Act shall not apply to any work required to be done in accordance with the provisions of
the Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act.