Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) - Table of Contents Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) - Table of Contents
• Part Number: 1919
• Part Title: Gear Certification
• Subpart: E
• Subpart Title: Certification of Vessels; Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons
• Standard Number: 1919.31
• Title: Proof tests-loose gear.

1919.31(a)

Chains, rings, shackles and other loose gear (whether accessory to a machine or not) shall be tested with a proof load against the article equal to that shown in the following table:

______________________________________________________________________
                                       |
        Article of gear                |        Proof load
________________________________________|_____________________________
Chain, ring, hook, shackle or swivel .. | 100 percent in excess of the
                                       |   safe working load.
Blocks:                                 |
 Single sheave block ................. | 300 percent in excess of the
                                       |   safe working load(1).
 Multiple sheave block with safe       |
   working load up to and including    | 100 percent in excess of the
   20 tons ........................... |   safe working load.
 Multiple sheave block with safe       |
   working load over 20 tons up to     | 20 tons in excess of the
   and including 40 tons ............. |   safe working load.
 Multiple sheave block with safe       | 50 percent in excess of the
   working load over 40 tons ......... |   safe working load.
 Pitched chains used with hand-operated|
   blocks and rings, hooks, shackles   |
   or swivels permanently attached     | 50 percent in excess of the
   thereto ........................... |   safe working load.
 Hand-operated blocks used with        |
   pitched chains and rings, hooks,    |
   shackles or swivels permanently     | 50 percent in excess of the
   attached thereto .................. |   safe working load.
________________________________________|_____________________________
 Footnote(1) The proof load applied to the block is equivalent to twice
the maximum resultant load on the eye of pin of the block when lifting the
nominal safe working load defined in (i) below. The proof load is,
therefore, equal to four times the safe working load as defined in (i)
below or twice the safe working load as defined in (ii) below.
 Footnote(i) The nominal safe working load of a single-sheave block
should be the maximum load which can be safely lifted by the block when
the load is attached to a rope which passes around the sheave of the
block.
 Footnote(ii) In the case of a single-sheave block where the load is
attached directly to the block instead of to a rope passing around the
sheave, it is permissible to lift a load equal to twice the nominal safe
working load of the block as defined in (i) above.
 Footnote(iii) In the case of a lead block so situated that an acute
angle cannot be formed by the two parts of the rope passing over it (i.e.,
the angle is always 90 degrees or more), the block need not have a greater
nominal safe working load than one-half the maximum resultant load which
can be placed upon it.

1919.31(b)

In cases where persons accredited to carry out loose gear tests may be retained to conduct tests of special stevedoring gear as described in 1918.61(b) of this chapter, which does not form part of a vessel's equipment, such tests shall adhere to the requirements set forth in 1918.61(b)(1), (2), and (3) of this chapter.

1919.31(c)

After being tested as required by paragraph (a) of this section, and before being taken into use, all chains, rings, hooks, shackles, blocks or other loose gear, except as noted in 1919.32, shall be thoroughly examined, the sheaves and pins of the blocks being removed for this purpose, to determine whether any part has been injured or permanently deformed by the test. Shell bolt nuts shall be securely locked upon reassembly. Defective loose gear components shall be replaced before the certificate is issued.

1919.31(d)

Any certificate relating to shackles, swivels or strength members of single-sheave blocks which have been restored to original dimensions by welding shall state this fact.


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