Winches, with the whole of the gear accessory thereto (including derricks, goosenecks, eye plates, eye
bolts, or other attachments), shall be tested with a proof load which shall exceed the safe working load as follows:
Safe working load | Proof Load
Up to 20 tons..........| 25 percent in excess.
20 - 50 tons...........| 5 tons in excess.
Over 50 tons...........| 10 percent in excess.
The proof load shall be lifted with the vessel's normal tackle with the derrick at an angle not more
than 15 degrees to the horizontal, or, at the designed minimum angle when this is greater, or, when this is impracticable, at the lowest practicable
angle. The angle at which the test was made shall be stated in the certificate of test. After the proof load has been lifted, it shall be swung as far
as possible in both directions. In applying the proof load, the design factors of the gear concerned will determine whether the load is applied with a
single part fall or with a purchase and the certificate of test shall state the means used. Where winches are fitted with mechanical brakes for manual
operation they shall be demonstrated to be in satisfactory operating condition.
In the case of heavy lift derrick barges, proof loads shall be applied, except as limited by design and
stability considerations, at the maximum and minimum radii for which designed, as well as at any intermediate radius which the surveyor may deem
necessary, and shall be swung as far as possible in both directions. Data with respect to each proof load applied shall be entered in the test
No items of cargo gear furnished by outside sources shall be used as a part of the vessel's gear for
the purpose of accomplishing the proof test.
All tests prescribed by this section should in general be carried out by dead load, except that in the
case of quadrennial tests, replacements, or renewals, spring or hydraulic balances may be used where dead loads are not reasonably available. However,
no exception shall be allowed in the case of gear on new vessels.
The test shall not be regarded as satisfactory unless the indicator remains constant under the proof
load for a period of at least 5 minutes.
The safe working load, determined pursuant to the requirements of this section, shall be applicable
only to a swinging derrick. When using two fixed derricks in "union purchase" rigs, the safe working load should generally be reduced. It is
recommended that owners obtain union purchase safe working load certification based upon design study and analysis by, or acceptable to, a qualified
technical office of an accredited gear certification agency, with the recognition that such determinations are valid only for the conditions
contemplated in the analysis.
Where both guys and preventers are fitted, union purchase certification shall state whether the guy
or the preventer is the working strength member, when the guy is for slewing only, and when the guy and preventer should share working loads as far as
When necessary in the proof testing of heavy derricks, the appropriate shrouds and stays shall be