Whenever practicable, a gangway of not less than 20 inches (.51
m) in width, of adequate strength, maintained in safe repair and safely
secured shall be used. If a gangway is not practicable, a straight
ladder meeting the requirements of 1918.24 that extends at least
36 inches (.91 m) above the upper landing surface and is secured
against shifting or slipping shall be provided. When conditions are
such that neither a gangway nor straight ladder can be used, a Jacob's
ladder meeting the requirements of 1918.23 may be used.
Each side of the gangway, and the turntable, if used, shall
have a hand rail with a minimum height of 33 inches (.84 m) measured
perpendicularly from rail to walking surfaces at the stanchion, with a
midrail. Rails shall be of wood, pipe, chain, wire, rope or materials
of equivalent strength and shall be kept taut always. Portable
stanchions supporting railings shall be supported or secured to prevent
The gangway shall be kept properly trimmed.
When a fixed flat tread accommodation ladder is used, and the
angle is low enough to require employees to walk on the edge of the
treads, cleated duckboards shall be laid over and secured to the
When the gangway overhangs the water so that there is danger of
employees falling between the ship and the dock, a net or suitable
protection shall be provided to prevent employees from receiving
serious injury from falls to a lower level.
If the foot of a gangway is more than one foot (.30 m) away
from the edge of the apron, the space between them shall be bridged by
a firm walkway equipped with a hand rail with a minimum height of
approximately 33 inches (.84 m) with midrails on both sides.
Gangways shall be kept clear of supporting bridles and other
obstructions, to provide unobstructed passage. If, because of design,
the gangway bridle cannot be moved to provide unobstructed passage,
then the hazard shall be properly marked to alert employees of the
Obstructions shall not be laid on or across the gangway.
Handrails and walking surfaces of gangways shall be maintained
in a safe condition to prevent employees from slipping or falling.
Gangways on vessels inspected and certificated by the U.S.
Coast Guard are deemed to meet the requirements of this section.
[62 FR 40141, July 25, 1997]