Regulations (Preambles to Final Rules) - Table of Contents|
| Record Type:||Safety Standards for Stairways and Ladders Used in the Construction Industry|
| Title:||Section 8 - VIII. Federalism|
The Final Rule has been reviewed in accordance with Executive Order 12612 (52 FR 41685, Oct. 30, 1987) regarding Federalism. The Order requires that agencies, to the extent possible, refrain from limiting State policy options, consult with states prior to taking any actions that would restrict State policy options, and take such actions only when there is clear constitutional authority and the presence of a problem of national scope. The Order provides for preemption of State law only if there is a clear Congressional intent for the agency to do so. Any such preemption is to be limited to the extent possible.
Section 18 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act), expresses Congress' clear intent to preempt State laws relating to issues with respect to which Federal OSHA has promulgated occupational safety and health standards. Under the OSH Act, a State can avoid preemption only if it submits, and obtains Federal approval of a plan for the development of such standards and their enforcement. Occupational safety and health standards developed by such Plan States must, among other things, be at least as effective in providing safe and obtains Federal approval of a plan for the development of such standards and their enforcement. Occupational safety and health standards developed by such Plan States must, among other things, be at least as effective in providing safe and healthful employment and places of employment as the Federal standards. Where such standards are applicable to products distributed or used in interstate commerce, they may not unduly burden commerce and must be justified by compelling local conditions, see section 18(c)(2).
The Federal standard on construction operations involving stairways and ladders addresses hazards that are not unique to any one state or region of the country. Nonetheless, States with occupational safety and health plans approved under section 18 of the OSH Act will be able to develop their own State standards to deal with any special problems which might be encountered in a particular State. Moreover, because this standard is written in general, performance-oriented terms, there is considerable flexibility fo State plans to require, and for affected employers to use, methods of compliance which are appropriate to the working conditions covered by the standard.
In brief, this final rule addresses a clear national problem related to occupational safety and health in the construction industry. Those states which have elected to particiapte under section 18 of the OSH Act are not preempted by this standard, and will be able to address any special conditions within the framework of the Federal Act while ensuring that the state standards are at least as effective as that standard.
Authority: This document was prepared under the direction of Gerard F. Scannell, Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20210.
List of Subjects in 29 CFR Part 1926
Construction safety, Construction industry, Ladders and scaffolds, Occupational safety and health, Protective equipment, Safety.
Accordingly, pursuant to sections 4, 6, and 8 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 653, 655, 657), section 107 of the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (40 U.S.C. 333), Secretary of Labor's Order No. 1-90 (55 FR 9033), and 29 CFR part 1911, 29 CFR part 1926 is amended as set forth below.
Signed at Washington, DC, this 5th day of November, 1990.
Gerard F. Scannell,
Assistant Secretary of Labor.
|Regulations (Preambles to Final Rules) - Table of Contents|