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Region 9 News Release:   USDOL: USDL-152
November 9, 1999
Contact: Tino Serrano
PHONE: 415-975-4742

Fatal pier accident investigation completed:

HONOLULU SHIP LOADER FINED $89,000 FOR UNSAFE WORK PRACTICES, ALSO FINED $135,000 IN JUNE

SAN FRANCISCO -- For the second time this year, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has cited and fined the same Honolulu ship loading company for knowingly allowing employees to work in hazardous conditions.

Hawaii Stevedores, Inc., based in Honolulu, was cited Monday for serious violations of federal safety and health regulations following an OSHA investigation into a drowning that occurred on May 25, 1999 when Mr. Edgar Fernandez accidently drove a vehicle off a pier into 40 foot deep water.

The serious citation, and penalties of $19,000, are for the lack of ten inch high curbs or similar barriers at work areas on Pier #5, Barbers Point Harbor, where forklifts and other vehicles are used to load and unload ships along the 500-foot-long pier; and for failure to develop and disseminate an adequate emergency action plan for the work site for emergency response should an accident occur.

The willful citation against Hawaii Stevedores includes penalties of $70,000 for failure to provide curbing, or some other barrier along the water side edge of work areas of Pier #1 at Fort Armstrong, where vehicles are used.

Immediately following the fatal accident on May 25, OSHA took several steps to notify employers and employees of the hazards associated with working near pier edges without curbs. The agency posted a Notice of Imminent Danger at Barber's Point to warn employers not to work with vehicles on the pier until temporary curbing was put in place. OSHA then contacted the long shoring employers throughout the area in early June to warn them of the danger and advise them that they would be cited if they did not install temporary railing when working on piers without curbs. On June 11, OSHA sent written notice to the companies explaining that OSHA would issue citations to employers who did not comply with the federal regulation. OSHA then began conducting inspections of longshoring work sites.

"Our inspections of ship loading companies in the Honolulu area indicated that all were following the regulations and installing temporary railings except for Hawaii Stevedores," said Alan Traenkner, director of enforcement and investigations for OSHA in San Francisco. "In the case of Hawaii Stevedores, the hazards remained despite the fact that OSHA had notified the company of the hazard, and the State of Hawaii Harbor's Division had posted a warning to keep vehicles away."

According to Traenkner, subsequent to the inspections, Hawaii Stevedores, and all other ship loading companies have now installed effective temporary railings on the piers which will prevent additional accidents until permanent barriers can be erected.

Hawaii Stevedores, Inc. has a history of 15 OSHA inspections since 1990, and has been cited for more than 40 violations, including previous willful citations. Last June, Hawaii Stevedores was cited for willful and serious violations and fined $135,000 following an OSHA investigation into a December 4, 1998 accident that seriously injured an employee who fell more than 30 feet from atop a stack of shipping containers. The employee, and another who also fell but was less seriously hurt, were not provided with required safety equipment to prevent falls.

OSHA issues a willful violation only in cases when an employer knew that a condition constituted a violation or was aware that a hazardous condition existed and made no reasonable effort to correct it. OSHA issues a serious citation only when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result, and the employer either knew, or should have known, of the hazard.

The company has 15 working days from the date of the notice to contest the citations.

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Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.


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