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Region 4 News Release:   USDOL: 01-33
Wed., March 07, 2001
Contact: Gail Davis
Phone: (334) 441-6338


The U.S. Labor Department's Occupational Safety and Health Administration today cited Mead Coated Board, Inc., and proposed penalties totaling $72,650 for safety violations at the company's Cottonton, Alabama, plant.

Inspection of the paper manufacturer began after an accidental release of hazardous hydrogen sulfide gas caused evacuation of the mill and sent six employees to the hospital. None were seriously injured.

OSHA cited the company for one willful violation with a $55,000 proposed penalty because Mead did not have a written lockout procedure for shutting down, during maintenance, tanks containing hazardous chemicals. The company failed to meet its own requirement that each piece of equipment have a specific, written lockout process. The paper industry routinely uses lockout procedures to ensure that machinery remains inoperable during maintenance and repair.

In addition to being cited for not having specific written lockout checklists, Mead received a repeat citation with a penalty of $10,000 for failure to perform the lockout procedures that would have isolated and de-energized the tanks while they were undergoing maintenance. The citation was categorized as repeat because the company had been cited previously for a substantially similar hazard.

"The gas leak occurred in the chemical recovery tank farm, an area of the mill where by-products of the paper manufacturing process are stored," said Lana Graves, OSHA's Mobile area director. Graves explained that acidic brine from one storage tank mixed with black liquor from another tank generating hydrogen sulfide. "The hazardous vapor was released into the air because the tanks had not been properly 'locked out' prior to an outside contractor commencing work on them."

Graves added, "We issued a willful citation against Mead because the company's failure to act showed blatant disregard for OSHA lockout standards, particularly since outside contractors had, on several occasions, noted the absence of specific lockout procedures for certain equipment," said Graves.

Five serious citations accounted for the remaining $7,650 in proposed penalties. These included:

  • deficiencies in the company's emergency response plan;
  • failure to identify and evaluate respiratory hazards, like hydrogen sulfide;
  • failure to provide respirators for employees working where hazardous vapors could be generated;
  • not conducting annual audits of the lockout program, and
  • failing to inform outside contractors about hazardous chemicals in their work area.

OSHA defines a willful violation as one committed with an intentional disregard of, or plain indifference to, the requirements of the OSH Act and regulations.

A serious violation is one in which there is a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result and that the employer knew or should have known of the hazard.

Mead Coated Board has 15 working days to contest OSHA's citations and proposed penalties before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.

The inspection of the plant was conducted by OSHA's area office located at 3737 Government Boulevard, Suite 100, Mobile, Ala. 36693; telephone: (334) 441-6131.

OSHA urges employers and employees with questions regarding workplace safety and health standards to contact the Atlanta area office. OSHA's toll-free, nationwide hotline -- 1-800-321-OSHA (1-800-321-6742) -- may be used to report workplace accidents or fatalities or situations posing imminent danger to workers, especially if they occur outside normal business hours.


Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.

OSHA News Release - (Archived) Table of Contents

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