Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents|
| Standard Number:||1926.451(g)(2); 1926.500; 1926.500(a)(2) ; 1926.501(b)(1); 1926.501(b)(14); 1926.501(d)(15) ; 1926.700(b)(2); 1926.1050(b); 1926.1051(a)|
|OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards and regulations. Our interpretation letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional employer obligations. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. To keep apprised of such developments, you can consult OSHA's website at http://www.osha.gov.|
... the employer shall have a competent person determine the feasibility and safety of providing fall protection for employees erecting and dismantling supported scaffolds. Employers are required to provide fall protection for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds where the installation and use of such protection is feasible and does not create a greater hazard.In this scenario fall protection is already being used. There is no additional requirement to have guardrails.
It is OSHA's position that scaffolding can function as a suitable anchorage for fall arrest systems when the scaffolding section so used is erected and braced such that the criteria of §1926.502(d)(15) are met. This applies whether the scaffold is partially built (i.e., being erected or disassembled) or completely built.Question 3: During the erection and dismantling of shoring, is it permissible for employees to climb the end frames? Is there a requirement that employees doing this work have fall protection?
Formwork means the total system of support for freshly placed or partially cured concrete, including the mold or sheeting (form) that is in contact with the concrete as well as all supporting members including shores, reshores, hardware, braces, and related hardware.No provision in Subpart Q specifies that employees are prohibited from climbing shoring end frames. While there is no prohibition in Subpart Q against climbing shoring end frames, a related issue is whether employees must be protected from falling while climbing them.
Walking/working surfaces not otherwise addressed. Except as provided in §1926.500(a)(2) or in §1926.501(b)(1) through (b)(14), each employee on a walking/working surface 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above lower levels shall be protected from falling by a guardrail system, safety net system, or personal fall arrest system.Question 4: During the erection and dismantling of shoring, employees enter onto and move within the shoring at numerous, varied points. Are ladders/stairways required under §1926.1051(a) for access and egress?
A stairway or ladder shall be provided at all personnel points of access where there is a break in elevation of 19 inches (48 cm) or more, and no ramp, runway, sloped embankment, or personnel hoist is provided. [Emphasis added.]A "personnel point of access" is defined in §1926.1050(b) as:
[A]ll areas used by employees for work-related passage from one area or level to another. Such open areas include doorways, passageways, stairway openings, studded walls, and various other permanent or temporary openings used for such travel. [Emphasis added.]The text of the provision reflects the Agency's intention to require a stairway or ladder at common access points areas where employee traffic is concentrated. The examples reflect that these are typically areas in a building or structure where employees are moving back and forth between task locations, traveling, or crossing over, to carry equipment or enter and exit. In other words, the provision was intended to apply to particular areas where multiple employees would be entering or exiting or passing through.
|Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents|
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