Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents|
| Standard Number:||1926.501(b)(1); 1926.501(b)(2); 1926.501(b)(5); 1926.451(g)|
|OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards and regulations. Our interpretation letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional employer obligations. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. To keep apprised of such developments, you can consult OSHA's website at http://www.osha.gov.|
|MEMORANDUM FOR:||Ed Kassak|
|FROM:||Russell B. Swanson, Director|
Directorate of Construction
|SUBJECT:||Concrete Frame Association/David Morrill Inquiry|
." . . any surface, whether horizontal or vertical on which an employee walks or works, including, but not limited to, floors, roofs, ramps, bridges, runways, formwork and concrete reinforcing steel, . . . [emphasis added]"Section .501(b)(1) requires that employees "on a walking/working surface (horizontal and vertical surface) with an unprotected side or edge" must be protected. Therefore, where that walking/working surface is formwork, the employee must be protected. Section 1926.501(b)(2) requires fall protection for employees constructing "leading edges." That term is defined in §.500(b) as: "the edge of a floor, roof, or formwork for a floor or other walking/working surface (such as the deck) which changes location as additional floor, roof, decking or formwork sections are placed, formed, or constructed [emphasis added]." Therefore, under §.501(b)(2), employees constructing formwork leading edges must be protected in accordance with that section. Finally, §.501(b)(5) requires that employees "on the face of formwork" must be protected under Subpart M as well.
"any temporary elevated platform (supported or suspended) and its supporting structure (including points of anchorage), used for supporting employees or materials or both."Subpart L addresses formwork in §1926.450(b), under the definition of "form scaffold," which is defined as "a supported scaffold consisting of a platform supported by brackets attached to formwork." In the preamble to Subpart L, the Agency stated that this type of scaffold is similar to a carpenter's bracket scaffold and a top plate bracket scaffold (volume 61 of the Federal Register, No. 170, page 46,033, August 30, 1996). Therefore, when an employee is supported by a device that attaches to the formwork, the scaffold standard applies. The scaffold standard would also apply where the formwork is not erected for use as formwork, but instead is being used only as a substitute for scaffold components. Otherwise, Subpart M applies when an employee stands on the face or the top of the formwork.
|Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents|