Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents|
| Standard Number:||1910.1030; 1910.1030(d)(4)(ii)(A)|
|OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards and regulations. Our interpretation letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional employer obligations. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. To keep apprised of such developments, you can consult OSHA's website at http://www.osha.gov.|
"The final portion of your letter requests information on the decontamination of plush surfaces, easy maintenance flooring/side panel materials that meet FAA regulations, and recommendations for aircraft utilizing quick-change interiors. As stated in OSHA Instruction CPL 2-2.44C, "Enforcement Procedures for the Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens Standard," a product must be registered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a tuberculocidal disinfectant in order for OSHA to consider it to be effective in the cleanup of a contaminated item or surface. A solution of 5.25 percent sodium hypochlorite (household bleach) diluted between 1:10 and 1;100 with water is also acceptable for the cleanup of contaminated items or surfaces.The OSHA Bloodborne standard (Federal Register/Vol. 56/No. 235/Friday December 6, 1991/Rules and Regulations P. 4175) defines contamination as "the presence or the reasonable anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials." The definition of decontamination means "the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy bloodborne pathogens on a surface or item to a point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infections particles and the surface or item is rendered safe for handling, use, or disposal."
We can make no specific recommendations regarding flooring/side panel materials and quick-change interiors as we are not familiar with FAA regulations in this area. The standard requires the employer to maintain the worksite in a clean and sanitary condition. The employer may be able to satisfactorily accomplish the decontamination of plush surfaces (Bold is mine.) Logically, however, non-absorbent firm surfaces are more easily cleaned and decontaminated. Elimination or minimization of soft plush surfaces (carpeting, velour seats/side panels, etc.) wherever possible would be beneficial from the standpoint of complying with this requirement of the standard. This would include quick-change interiors where plush surfaces are removable and able to be replaced with smooth firm surfaces."
"Blood or other body fluids spilled on carpets should be promptly and carefully cleaned, and disinfected. If such fluids are allowed to stand for a period of time and harden or "set up", the removal of these dried fluid materials will be difficult. Concerning the treatment of carpets, the highest grade of antimicrobial activity possible is "sanitizing," which simply reduces the total number of bacteria present. There are no Environmental Protection Agency-registered products for the disinfection of carpets, not even bleach-type products. Neither are there any EPA-registered products for sanitizing commercial and institutional carpets. Some carpet fabrics are "dye-fast" and can withstand exposure to 1:10 to 1:100 dilutions of sodium hypochlorite (household bleach). I would suggest that you contact the carpet manufacturer to first determine if the carpet has "dye-fast" properties and then if bleach solutions could be used for disinfection." (Bold is mine.)OSHA says under [1910.1030(d)(4)(ii)(A)] (Federal Register/Vol. 56/No. 235/Friday December 6, 1991/Rules and Regulations P. 64177) that "contaminated work surfaces shall be decontaminated with an appropriate disinfectant. In your letter to Ms Mayo on page two(2), middle paragraph, you refer to the CPL 2-2-44C definition of appropriate disinfectant, a "Tuberculocidal disinfectant or 5.25 percent sodium hypochlorite (household bleach) diluted between 1:10 and 1:100 with water."
|Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents|
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