Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents|
| Standard Number:||1910.120; 1910.120(e); 1910.120(p); 1910.120(q); 1910.120(q)(11)(i); 1910.120(q)(11)(ii); 1910.120(e)(9); 1910.120(f); 1910.120(f)(3); 1910.38; 1910.134; 1910.1200|
August 20, 1991
Mr. Robert T. Gabris
Riedel Environmental Services, Inc.
Foot of North Portsmouth Ave.
Portland, Oregon 97203
Dear Mr. Gabris:
This is in response to your inquiry of May 17, concerning the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response final rule (29 CFR 1910.120). Please accept my apology for the delay in this reply.
Your specific question read as follows: "I am requesting clarification of training requirements for the following job functions:
Please keep in mind that a fundamental premise of 1910.120 is that employees must be properly trained and properly equipped to recognize hazards and to understand appropriate work practices to minimize those hazards. The level of training provided must be consistent with the worker's job function and responsibilities.
The specific training requirements are covered in several different paragraphs of 1910.120:
The second scenario, describing a worker who is providing "skimming and boom placement services," also falls under paragraph (q). This activity would require training to the "first responder operations" level, because the emergency responder's "function is to contain the release from a safe distance, keep it from spreading, and prevent exposures."
The job function described in your third scenario is not necessarily an emergency response. Please refer to the answer for job function #6.
The fourth job description described "members of dedicated hazmat teams," which are covered in paragraph (q). Designated HAZMAT members must be trained from the "first responder operations" level through the "on scene incident commander" level.
In response to job scenario #5, skilled support personnel, or contractors, who routinely work at a plant facility can meet the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.120(q)(11)(ii) versus the more lengthy requirements of (q)(11)(i). Contract personnel assigned full time at a plant facility are considered "plant or work place employees" for the purposes of (q)(11)(ii) when such workers are conducting clean-up in areas they routinely work. Contractors brought in specifically for clean-up are covered by (q)(11)(i). The sixth job scenario refers to post emergency response operations. Upon completion of the emergency response, if it is determined that it is necessary to remove hazardous substances, health hazards, and materials contaminated with them (such as contaminated soil) from the site of the incident, the employer conducting the clean-up should train workers to specifications laid out in 1910.120(e), [29 CFR 1910.38], 1910.134 and 1910.1200.
You also requested "information on how to provide documentation of training both off-site and on-the-job." The employer is responsible for making sure that employees receive training, and must prove their employees' capability by keeping a copy of the written certification, given "by their instructor or the head instructor and trained supervisor" documenting successful completion of the necessary training, on file. The employee must be provided copies of the training certificate.
Employers who can show by documentation or certification that an employee's work experience and/or training has resulted in training equivalent to 1910.120(e)(1)-(e)(4), do not need to provide initial training. However, certified employees new to a site should receive appropriate site specific training. Equivalent training includes any academic training or experience received from actual hazardous waste site work.
Your last question reads "please provide me with medical surveillance requirements for personnel in each of the six functions." Annual medical surveillance requirements for employers, discussed in paragraph (f), cover "all employees who are or may be exposed to hazardous substances or health hazards at or above permissible exposure limits," "all employees who wear a respirator for 30 days or more a year," "members of HAZMAT teams" and "hazardous material specialists."
Paragraph (f)(3) requires that all employees who are injured, become ill, or develop signs or symptoms due to possible overexposure involving hazardous substances or health hazards from an emergency response or hazardous waste operation or "exposed during an emergency incident to hazardous substances at concentrations above the permissible exposure limits or the published exposure levels without the necessary personal protective equipment" be provided medical examinations and consultations as soon as possible following the emergency incident. Additional examinations or consultations must be provided if the examining physician feels they are needed.
I hope this information is helpful. If you have any further questions please feel free to contact [the Office of Health Enforcement at (202) 693-2190].
Patricia K. Clark, Director
[Directorate of Enforcement Programs]
Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents|